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博碩士論文 etd-0623118-095759 詳細資訊
Title page for etd-0623118-095759
論文名稱
Title
領導者發展取向與威權領導展現的交互作用: 一項情境實驗研究
The interacting effect of leaders’ development orientation and authoritarianism: A scenario experiment
系所名稱
Department
畢業學年期
Year, semester
語文別
Language
學位類別
Degree
頁數
Number of pages
71
研究生
Author
指導教授
Advisor
召集委員
Convenor
口試委員
Advisory Committee
口試日期
Date of Exam
2018-07-05
繳交日期
Date of Submission
2018-07-23
關鍵字
Keywords
發展式領導、發展取向、情境實驗、部屬任務績效、威權領導、部屬對主管的公民行為
supervisor-directed OCB, Developmental leadership model, task performance, Development orientation, scenario experiment
統計
Statistics
本論文已被瀏覽 5745 次,被下載 93
The thesis/dissertation has been browsed 5745 times, has been downloaded 93 times.
中文摘要
威權領導是華人企業組織中特色最為鮮明的一種領導風格,且威權領導至今依然被許多成功的華人企業領導者所用,然而,以往有關威權領導的實徵研究多指出威權領導容易導致負面效果,有鑑於此,近年來,許多學者試圖釐清威權領導在研究與實務間的矛盾。本研究所探討的發展取向源自於發展式領導理論模型中的領導者動機,指出若領導者若以發展部屬為動機,使部屬將威權領導視為「磨練」、「為我好」的展現,將會帶來正向的部屬行為反應,因此。本研究試圖以發展取向作為威權領導與部屬反應間的調節變項,推論領導者發展取向能使部屬對威權領導的詮釋方式產生正向的變化。
本研究採情境實驗研究取徑,操弄發展取向和威權領導之高低程度情境,並以隨機分流網址的方式發放研究問卷,總計回收135份有效問卷,透過變異數分析方式,檢驗威權領導和發展取向的主要效果,並瞭解兩者間交互作用關係,以對發展式領導理論與威權領導的適用範圍作更進一步的探究。本研究發現:領導者展現發展取向能夠提升部屬任務績效與對主管公民行為,不論威權領導高或低的領導者,在展現發展取向時,皆會使部屬在任務績效的表現上及對主管公民行為上呈現正向的影響。對於高威權領導者來說,若希望能夠提升部屬任務績效與對主管公民行為,展現發展取向能夠獲得較好的結果。
Abstract
Leader authoritarianism is one of the most distinctive leadership styles in Chinese organizations and has so far been used by many successful Chinese leaders. However, most of the extant literature pointed out that it would lead to negative results on subordinates’ outcomes. In the light of this, present studies have tried to clarify the contradiction between research and practice. Deriving from the developmental leadership model, development orientation is believed to bring positive subordinate reactions. Hence, this study attempts to find out the positive impact of leader authoritarianism and uses development orientation as a moderator between leader authoritarianism and subordinates’ responses. It proposed that when leaders adopt development orientation, it will transfer subordinates’ interpretation of leader authoritarian toward positive direction.
This study adopts a scenario experiment, manipulating the situation in the research questionnaires, which have been distributed by means of random assigned URL and result in 135 valid samples from various industries. To extend the theoretical framework of developmental leadership and explore the scope of leader authoritarianism, this study uses ANOVA analysis to test the interacting effect of development orientation and authoritarianism. The results indicate that leader’s development orientation can cause positive impact on subordinates’ task performance and supervisor-directed OCB, regardless of the leaders with high or low authoritarianism. Based on the results, this study suggested that leaders with high authoritarianism show development orientation if they want to improve subordinates’ task performance and supervisor-directed OCB.
目次 Table of Contents
論文審定書 i
致謝 ii
摘要 iii
Abstract iv
目錄 v
表目錄 vii
圖目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
第二章 文獻探討 4
第一節 威權領導 4
第二節 領導者發展取向 8
第三節 研究假設 9
第三章 研究方法 12
第一節 研究設計 12
第二節 研究樣本與受試對象 13
第三節 研究工具 15
第四節 操弄檢核 22
第四章 研究結果 24
第一節 威權領導的主要效果 24
第二節 領導者發展取向的主要效果 25
第三節 領導者發展取向與威權領導的交互作用 26
第四節 研究結果摘述及假設檢定 28
第五章 討論與建議 30
第一節 理論貢獻 30
第二節 管理意涵 31
第三節 研究限制與未來研究建議 32
參考文獻 34
附錄一「發展高威權高」情境腳本問卷 39
附錄二「發展高威權低」情境腳本問卷 45
附錄三「發展低威權高」情境腳本問卷 51
附錄四「發展低威權低」情境腳本問卷 57
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