博碩士論文 etd-0716117-145132 詳細資訊


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姓名 劉廷栢(Ting-bo Liu) 電子郵件信箱 E-mail 資料不公開
畢業系所 資訊管理學系研究所(Information Management)
畢業學位 碩士(Master) 畢業時期 105學年第2學期
論文名稱(中) 採用資訊科技不同動機之影響
論文名稱(英) Effect of Different Motivations for Organizational Adoption of Information Technologies
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    摘要(中) 在競爭激烈的環境下,資訊科技對於公司來說是不可或缺的。企業投資資訊科技能夠替公司增加組織績效和利益等,相反來說,不適當的採用資訊科技可能會造成企業失敗。過去學者研究組織採用資訊科技,大多是認為基於功能性的需求來探討,然而,企業採用資訊科技的目的有時並不是為了資訊科技帶來的功能效益,有可能是因為外在環境壓力的影響,像是受到同業壓力的影響、政府的規範和環境趨勢的影響等而採用某樣資訊科技。因為不同的採用目的,對於企業的採用結果會有不同的影響。因此本研究的目的在於了解組織採用與使用資訊科技的影響因素為何,並探討不同的採用目的(功能性和象徵性)對於組織的影響。
    本研究基於Fit-Viability Model建構出研究模型,納入企業採用資訊科技之內在因素和外在因素,並透過問卷調查的方式進行實證研究,結果顯示本研究之模型能夠有效的解釋資訊科技的採用與使用。對於組織的採用動機而言,外在環境壓力對於科技的象徵性採用會有較大的影響。因為象徵性而採用資訊科技,組織會有較少的實際使用,配適度和組織可行性對於組織績效都有顯著的影響。說明象徵性採用目的也能夠為組織帶來績效。
    摘要(英) In a competitive environment, Information Technology (IT) is necessary for companies to boost performance. Adoption of proper IT is very important because inappropriate use of IT can lead to the failure of organizations. In the past, many researchers have investigated the issue of business adoption of information technology from their functional needs. In many cases, however, technology adoption is not due to functional needs, but due to environmental pressures or other reasons, such as peer pressure, normative pressure and surrounding changes. Different purposes for adoption may lead to different outcomes. Hence, the purpose of this research is to investigate what factors affect an organization’s adoption of information technology, and how different purposes (symbolic value vs. function value) can affect organizational adoption.
    The framework of this paper is based on the Fit-Viability Model to study both internal organizational factors and external environmental factors. A questionnaire survey of Taiwanese firms was conducted and PLS was used to analyze the collected data. Results show that the model used in the paper can interpret organizational IT adoption and IT usage. We find that different factors come into play between symbolic and functional adoption. Environmental pressures have greater effects on symbolic adoption which often lead to less usage and less enhancement to organizational performance.
    關鍵字(中)
  • 象徵性採用
  • 配適可行性
  • 環境壓力
  • 組織績效
  • 資訊科技
  • 關鍵字(英)
  • Environmental pressure
  • Fit-viability Model
  • Symbolic adoption
  • Organizational performance
  • Information Technology
  • 論文目次 論文審定書 i
    致謝 ii
    摘要 iii
    abstract iv
    目錄 v
    圖次 vii
    表次 viii
    第一章 緒論 1
    第一節 研究背景與動機 1
    第二節 研究目的 4
    第三節 研究流程 5
    第二章 文獻探討 6
    第一節 企業之資訊科技採用 6
    第二節 影響企業採用資訊科技之因素 7
    第三節 資訊科技採用後之績效 11
    第四節 認知利益 12
    第五節 任務科技配適度 14
    第六節 配適-可行性模式 17
    第三章 研究架構與方法 22
    第一節 研究架構 22
    第二節 研究假說 23
    第三節 操作型定義與問項 26
    第四節 問卷設計 36
    第四章 資料分析 41
    第一節 樣本基本資料 41
    第二節 衡量模型 44
    第三節 結構模型及假說驗證 50
    第五章 結論與建議 61
    第一節 研究結果及討論 61
    第二節 理論及實務意涵 63
    第三節 研究限制及未來方向 64
    參考文獻 65
    附錄一、問卷內容 73
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    網路部分
    Gartner, http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/3482917
    iThome, http://www.ithome.com.tw/article/103723
    口試委員
  • 陳灯能 - 召集委員
  • 楊淯程 - 委員
  • 邱兆民 - 委員
  • 梁定澎 - 指導教授
  • 口試日期 2017-07-31 繳交日期 2017-08-16

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