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博碩士論文 etd-0107120-204855 詳細資訊
Title page for etd-0107120-204855
論文名稱
Title
基於輪廓分析識別內部威脅
Identifying Insider Threats Based on Profiling
系所名稱
Department
畢業學年期
Year, semester
語文別
Language
學位類別
Degree
頁數
Number of pages
94
研究生
Author
指導教授
Advisor
召集委員
Convenor
口試委員
Advisory Committee
口試日期
Date of Exam
2020-01-13
繳交日期
Date of Submission
2020-02-07
關鍵字
Keywords
偏差行為、內部威脅、輪廓分析、機器學習、文字探勘
Deviant behavior, Insider Threat, Profiling, Machine Learning, Text Mining
統計
Statistics
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The thesis/dissertation has been browsed 5878 times, has been downloaded 0 times.
中文摘要
近年來網際網路的快速普及,許多企業組織已經將文件檔案電子化與業務轉到網際網路上來進行。過去企業組織與人們普遍認為駭客對網路世代的資訊安全來說是最大的威脅,但近幾年來內部威脅的實際案例發生的頻率已經越來越多,對於內部人員帶來的威脅也應當有同樣的重視。比起駭客等外部因素,內部威脅這種由內部人員(組織員工、契約關係的廠商等)進行的惡意行為,由於過去企業組織認為與員工跟合作廠商之間是相互信任的關係,因此在應對內部產生威脅的能力會相對較弱,在現今社會惡意攻擊類型的改變趨勢中就會陷於劣勢。
本研究詳細整理關於內部威脅與輪廓分析的相關文獻,對內部威脅與輪廓分析特質與元素進行研究。導入輪廓分析(Profiling)對使用者進行建立行為輪廓(Profile)進行資料處理,並使用TFIDF來處理具有文字內容的資料增加行為輪廓特徵,使用單類支持向量機(One-Class Support Vector Machine,OCSVM)、隨機森林(Random Forest)、多重感知器(Multilayer perceptron,MLP)等機器學習的方法對資料進行分類訓練,以此偵測使用者偏離習慣的行為辨別內部威脅。
Abstract
In recent years, the rapid popularity of the Internet has led many corporate organizations to storage documents and businesses to the Internet. In the past, corporate organizations and people generally believed that hackers are the biggest threat to the information security of the Internet age. However, actual cases of insider threats have become more and more frequent. We should attach importance to the threats of internal personnel. Compared with external factors such as hackers, internal threats, such malicious acts performed by internal personnel (organizational employees, contractual relationship vendors, etc.), are considered by companies as a mutual trust relationship with employees and cooperating vendors. The corporate organization is weak in solving insider threats problem, and it will become the disadvantage on defense changing trend types of malicious attacks.

This study summarizes relevant literature of insider threat and profiling, we also study the characteristics and elements in insider threat and profiling. In this study, we use profile analysis to establish user behavior profile, and use TFIDF to process text content data to increase profile features. To identify insider threats, we use One-Class Support Vector Machine (OCSVM), Random Forest, Multilayer Perceptron (MLP), in order to detect the behavior of users deviating from their habits to identify internal threats.
目次 Table of Contents
目錄
論文審定書 i
論文公開授權書 ii
摘要 iii
Abstract iv
目錄 v
圖次 vii
表次 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機 2
第二章 文獻探討 3
2.1 內部威脅 3
2.2 輪廓分析 16
2.3 單類支持向量機(One-Class Support Vector Machine) 19
2.4 隨機森林 22
2.5 多層感知器 23
第三章 研究方法 25
3.1 資料預處理 26
3.2 輪廓分析與建立 26
3.3 行為輪廓資料處理 28
3.3.1 數值資料處理 33
3.3.2 文字資料處理 33
3.4 偵測模型 35
3.4.1 單類支持向量機偵測模型 35
3.4.2 隨機森林 36
3.4.3 多層感知器偵測模型 36
3.4.4 SMOTE樣本合成 36
3.5.5 滑動窗口 37
第四章 系統評估 38
4.1 實驗1 輪廓特徵與偵測模型參數實驗 38
4.1.1 實驗1-1 偵測模型成效 43
4.1.2 實驗1-2 SMOTE平衡資料實驗 45
4.1.3 實驗1-3 特徵集A、B成效比較 49
4.1.4 實驗1-4 Profile使用與否成效實驗 52
4.1.5 實驗1-5 文字探勘特徵成效實驗 55
4.1.6 實驗1-6 輪廓特徵與偵測模型參數實驗評估 58
4.2 實驗2 過往文獻比較 65
4.3 實驗3 偵測模型成效評估 68
4.3.1 實驗3-1 時間序列-滑動窗口實驗 69
4.3.2 實驗3-2 以人為基礎評估實驗 72
第五章 結論與未來展望 75
參考文獻 76
附錄一 81


圖次
圖2-1、個人獨立主導犯案動機與實行過程流程圖[8] 8
圖2-2、主謀共謀犯罪動機與實行過程流程圖[8] 9
圖2-3、OCSVM示意圖[45, 50] 20
圖2-4、隨機森林示意圖[4] 23
圖2-5、多層感知器示意圖[23] 24
圖3-1、系統架構 25
圖3-2、文字資料處理流程圖 34
圖3-3、滑動窗口機制[9] 37



表次
表2-1、內部威脅實例整理 3
表2-2、內部威脅手法歸納 10
表2-3、內部威脅文獻方法與系統整理表 15
表3-1、特徵資料說明 28
表4-1、實驗項目總表 38
表4-2、實驗1之子項目實驗列表 39
表4-3、CMU-CERT資料集資訊 39
表4-4、CMU-CERT資料集場景 40
表4-5、資料集內容檔案 41
表4-6、OCSVM對正常資料檢測成效-特徵集A+Profile 43
表4-7、OCSVM對異常資料檢測成效-特徵集A+Profile 44
表4-9、隨機森林對異常資料檢測成效-特徵集A+Profile 44
表4-10、多層感知器對異常資料檢測成效-特徵集A+Profile 45
表4-11、隨機森林、多層感知器平衡資料成效比較-以資料為單位 46
表4-12、隨機森林、多層感知器平衡資料成效比較-場景一 47
表4-13、隨機森林、多層感知器平衡資料成效比較-場景二 47
表4-14、隨機森林、多層感知器平衡資料成效比較-場景三 48
表4-15、OCSVM特徵集A+Profile、B+Profile比較 49
表4-16、隨機森林、多層感知器特徵集A+Profile、B+Profile比較-以資料為單位 50
表4-17、隨機森林、多層感知器特徵集A+Profile、B+Profile比較-場景一 50
表4-18、隨機森林、多層感知器特徵集A+Profile、B+Profile比較-場景二 51
表4-19、隨機森林、多層感知器特徵集A+Profile、B+Profile比較-場景三 51
表4-20、OCSVM特徵集B、特徵集B+Profile比較 52
表4-21、隨機森林、多層感知器特徵集B、特徵集B+Profile-以資料為單位 53
表4-22、隨機森林、多層感知器特徵集B、特徵集B+Profile-場景一 53
表4-23、隨機森林、多層感知器特徵集B、特徵集B+Profile-場景二 54
表4-24、隨機森林、多層感知器特徵集B、特徵集B+Profile-場景三 54
表4-25、OCSVM特徵集B+Profile、特徵集C+Profile比較 55
表4-26、隨機森林、多層感知器特徵集B+Profile、特徵集C+Profile-以資料為單位 56
表4-27、隨機森林、多層感知器特徵集B+Profile、特徵集C+Profile-場景一 56
表4-28、隨機森林、多層感知器特徵集B+Profile、特徵集C+Profile-場景二 57
表4-29、隨機森林、多層感知器特徵集B+Profile、特徵集C+Profile-場景三 57
表4-30、OCSVM輪廓特徵與偵測模型參數實驗評估表-以資料為單位 58
表4-31、OCSVM輪廓特徵與偵測模型參數實驗評估表-場景一 59
表4-32、OCSVM輪廓特徵與偵測模型參數實驗評估表-場景二 59
表4-33、OCSVM輪廓特徵與偵測模型參數實驗評估表-場景三 60
表4-34、隨機森林輪廓特徵與偵測模型參數實驗評估表-以資料為單位 60
表4-35、隨機森林輪廓特徵與偵測模型參數實驗評估表-場景一 61
表4-36、隨機森林輪廓特徵與偵測模型參數實驗評估表-場景二 61
表4-37、隨機森林輪廓特徵與偵測模型參數實驗評估表-場景三 62
表4-38、多層感知器輪廓特徵與偵測模型參數實驗評估表-以資料為單位 62
表4-39、多層感知器輪廓特徵與偵測模型參數實驗評估表-場景一 63
表4-40、多層感知器輪廓特徵與偵測模型參數實驗評估表-場景二 63
表4-41、多層感知器輪廓特徵與偵測模型參數實驗評估表-場景三 64
表4-42、本研究與文獻比較表-場景一 65
表4-43、本研究與文獻比較表-場景二 66
表4-44、本研究與文獻比較表-場景三 67
表4-45、Window Size大小與實驗門檻值參數 69
表4-46、Random Forest-以資料為單位+Sliding Window參數實驗結果總表 69
表4-47、Random Forest-場景一(S1)+Sliding Window參數實驗結果總表 70
表4-48、Random Forest-場景二(S2)+Sliding Window參數實驗結果總表 70
表4-49、Random Forest-場景三(S3)+Sliding Window參數實驗結果總表 71
表4-50、總資料以人為單位實驗結果 72
表4-51、場景一(S1)以人為單位實驗結果 73
表4-52、場景二(S2)以人為單位實驗結果 73
表4-53、場景三(S3)以人為單位實驗結果 73
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