博碩士論文 etd-0026119-204004 詳細資訊


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姓名 侯建安(Chien-An Hou) 電子郵件信箱 E-mail 資料不公開
畢業系所 資訊管理學系研究所(Information Management)
畢業學位 碩士(Master) 畢業時期 107學年第1學期
論文名稱(中) 以機器學習技術提升雲端儲存之可用性
論文名稱(英) Improving the Availability of Cloud Storage using Machine Learning
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    紙本論文:5 年後公開 (2024-01-26 公開)

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    摘要(中) 在現今資料爆炸的數位時代,雲端儲存(Cloud Storage)成為近年來雲端服務中發展看好的趨勢之一,雲端儲存使用資料中心存放資料,以及擬定SLA服務水準來衡量可用性的高低,但面臨高可用性帶來的高成本問題,總有取捨問題,高儲存低成本可能面臨硬碟機故障帶來的影響,雖有HDFS等技術避免問題,但服務卻可能因此受到影響,進而降低可用性。
    本研究提出使用機器學習技術,建立預測硬碟故障的模型,在硬碟故障前發現進行更換,避免硬碟機故障導致服務中斷或重跑,提升其服務的可用性。本研究使用大數據分析工具Splunk以及機器學習工具RapidMiner,幫助企業分析整理資料以及降低技術門檻。本研究使用Splunk進行資料前處理, 匯入硬碟的S.M.A.R.T.資料,產生統計圖與分析報表,進行初步地資料分析與過濾,並進行數據採樣,產生機器學習用的資料集,接著使用RapidMiner機器學習工具進行特徵選取與預測模型建立,使用不同機器學習演算法建立預測模型,從研究結果來看,XGBoost提供較好的預測能力,研究結果顯示XGBoost模型可以提供有用的硬碟故障預測,可以事先偵測到硬碟即將故障的作法,進而採取應變措施,進而提升雲端儲存的可用性。
    摘要(英) In the digital era where information explodes, Cloud Storage has become one of the most promising trends in cloud services in recent years. Cloud Storage stores data into data center and sketches out the service level in SLA to define its availability. However, high availability means high cost and there is a trade off involved. Therefore, in order to achieve high storage and low cost, it is necessary to overcome the problem of the failure in hard drives. Even though the techniques like HDFS are able to secure the data, service might get affected and then lower its availability. This study proposes to use machine learning to establish a model for predicting hard drive failures, which can be replaced before the failure. It is able to avoid interrupting service or re-starting due to the failure and hence improve the service availability. This study uses big data analytics tool called Splunk and machine learning tool, RapidMiner, to help companies analyze data and lower technical thresholds. This study uses Splunk for data preprocessing, importing SMART data from hard disk, generating statistical graphs and analysis reports to perform and filter preliminary data analysis and sampling data to generate a dataset for machine learning, then uses RapidMiner to build a feature selection and predict model for machine learning tools. It finds out important fields of predicting hard disk failures from the data, and analyze by using different machine learning techniques. From the research results, XGBoost provides the best prediction, the research results show that XGBoost model can provide useful predictions. It is possible to detect the hard drive's failure in advance so that it can trigger response to promote the availability of cloud storage.
    關鍵字(中)
  • 可用性
  • 機器學習
  • 硬碟故障
  • 雲端儲存
  • 決策樹
  • 深度學習
  • 隨機森林
  • XGBoost
  • 關鍵字(英)
  • Cloud Storage
  • Availability
  • Disk Failure
  • Machine Learning
  • XGBoost
  • Random Forest
  • Decision Tree
  • Deep Learning
  • 論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
    第一節 研究背景 1
    第二節 研究動機 3
    第三節 研究目的 5
    第二章 文獻探討 7
    第一節 雲端儲存的趨勢 7
    第二節 企業級硬碟 7
    第三節 雲端儲存的資料保護 9
    第四節 雲端儲存的可用性 12
    第五節 雲端儲存面臨的問題 18
    第六節 機器學習與模型績效評估 19
    第三章 研究方法 30
    第一節 研究架構 30
    第二節 資料收集與變數操作化 31
    第三節 機器學習系統架構設計 44
    第四節 系統軟硬體環境 52
    第五節 實驗方法 53
    第四章 實驗結果與分析 56
    第一節 實驗資料集結構 56
    第二節 實驗結果說明 56
    第三節 綜合分析與評估 63
    第五章 結論與未來展望 65
    第一節 研究結論 65
    第二節 未來研究方向 66
    第六章 參考文獻 67
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    口試委員
  • 郭文中 - 召集委員
  • 林耕霈 - 委員
  • 賴谷鑫 - 委員
  • 陳嘉玫 - 指導教授
  • 口試日期 2019-01-07 繳交日期 2019-01-26

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