The main purpose of this study was to understand the relationship between junior high school students' attitudes of political symbols and national identity in Kaohsiung. Principal methods used in this study are literature review, questionnaire survey, correlation method, analysis of variance and regression analysis. Questionnaires of this study were sent to 600 third graders from 25 junior high school in the greater Kaohsiung area. Valid questionnaires were secured from 545 third graders. Six principal study results, which were obtain from data analysis in this study, are stated as follows:
1. The political symbols attitude of junior high school students in the greater Kaohsiung area tended to positive and active.
2. Junior high school students in the greater Kaohsiung area of national identity tended to identify with Taiwan is very strong.
3. There are significant differences in the attitude of political symbols among junior high school students of different backgrounds.
4. There are significant differences in the tendency of national identity among junior high school students of different backgrounds.
5. There are significant positive correlation of in the greater Kaohsiung area among junior high school students' attitudes of political symbols and national identities.
6. Junior high school students' of political symbols attitude in regard to national identity have predictive power.
Finally, according to the study results, the following specific recommendations:
1. To select suitable teaching materials, and to make arrangements for appropriate courses.
2. To guide students' positive political attitude, and to encourage students to participate in the democratic political affairs.
3. To encourage students to actively participate in school activities and to be school cadres.
4. To focus on the effectiveness of the formal curriculum, and to help the potential curriculum at the same time.
5.To implement family education, and to establish a good parent-child relationship.
6. We can with the children care about public issues and foster their civic literacy.
7. To revised syllabuses, and to upgrade junior high school students toward national identity.
8. To set out a pragmatic and open-minded review of the principle about politically sensitive issues.