||In the past, the purpose of a house was to make people's connection to home and space attribution more concrete, but with the change in times, the control of esidential resources turned the house into a commodity and a class symbol, and caused a lot of financial burden and other housing problems. Among them, the most direct one is the social discrimination and marginalization of the vulnerable groups.|
The establishment of the social housing (public housing) policy appears to be a symptomatic prescription, but it often get stuck in the location selection process due to the complex social system and political and business structures. Besides, back tothe past, the experiences of national housing and institutional discrimination also deepened the invisible gap of the ethnic groups who lived in different places.
This study focuses on the analysis of the perception and attitudes of Kaohsiung citizens, supplemented by the record of 15 locations of Taipei citizens, which was held in Taipei City in 2016. We try to explore the relevant factors which support the social housing policy with the researches mixing qualitative and quantitativeapproaches, and explore the factors that affect the support of social housing policy.
This study found that nearly half of the respondents chose “no opinion” as their answer to whether they agree that the social housing was located near their own communities. It is thus hard to identify the NIMBY effect given their ambiguous answer. They were, however, more willing to show their opposition against constructing new buildings for social housing, whereas prefer the retrofitting of existing buildings for that purpose. They would also perceive social housing as a threat to real estate or rental values in the neighborhood neayby. On the other hand, several factors have positive impact on respondents’ attitudes toward social housing. Included are: the mixed allocation of social and non-social housing, the satisfaction level about physical environment and facilities, the trust on the quality of public construction projects, the provision of multi-functonal public facilities, as well as the increase of public engagement opportunities.
Furthermore, the study found two core factors that link respondents’ perception and attitudes toward social housing, namely the trust on the quality of public construction projects, and the definition of household values. It is in this regard that the thesis concludes with two suggestions. One is to allocate the resources properly and initiate public discussion so as to strengthen people’s trust on public projects, and the other is to highlight the positive values of social housing and its muitlple functions
so as to gain people’s support.