|| The isolation, separation, and self-contained characteristics of island environ-ments form the unique systems of ecology, culture, and landscape. Simultaneously, characteristics such as a lack of available area, high population density, and depend-ence on imports cause high vulnerability and low resilience in these isolated islands. There are 11 islands around Taiwan. Penghu is one of the islands in this area with the highest density. Under the impact of climate change, the vulnerability and the adapta-tion of the island’s city may be affected. Therefore, Makung City served as a base for this study, which uses field observations and the collection of relevant literature, fol-lowed by spatial analysis methods and vulnerability assessment model analysis to de-termine the vulnerability of Magong City. The study’s results and recommendations could provide a basis for policy on the island with respect to spatial planning and management.|
To determine the sources of vulnerability on the island, vulnerability indicators can distinguish between the environment and society. However, up to now, we have not considered the difference between the islands near Taiwan. Therefore, the gov-ernment could not provide basic data to assess vulnerability. However, according to the limiting data of the vulnerability assessment results, the neighborhoods near the Makung port are in a high vulnerability area. If climate change continues with a sea level rise and storm surges, it may impact buildings near the coastal area of Makung City. In this study, the weight of vulnerability indicators was built by equal concep-tion to analyze the island’s vulnerability wholly. Therefore, vulnerability research could try to build weight of island vulnerability in the future.