||It is generally understood that tidal currents ominated the flow field in many submarine canyons, and internal tide may be an order of magnitude more energetic than that of barotropic. The internal tide can be generated and amplified in a marine environment with the strong vertical density interface. The barotropic tides were known to play the dominant|
role in driving the internal tides at the topographic relief or shelf break.This research tries to look at the mechanisms of internal tides generation and propagation in the Kaoping Submarine Canyon off southwestern Taiwan, using Princeton Ocean Model (POM) with different settings. The model was tested with bottom topography of flat, a slope and real water
depth, with and without vertical stratifications. The model settings are grid size 500m, simulate period days, radiation boundary condition at 4 sides. The model forcings are sea level variations at the west side, both semidiurnal tide (M2) and mixed tide (M2+K1) based on OSU tidal model TPXO 6.2. The results suggest that the offshore M2 tidal forcing
can generate large internal tidal currents within the canyon with vertical density stratification. The internal tidal currents at the upper-layer of the canyon lag that of lower-layer 3~5 hours. There is no time lag and no
amplification of current in the canyon if there is no stratification. There is a transition zone of minimum flow at depth of about 100-200m. Below the interface, the amplitude of semidiurnal internal tidal current increased with water depth in the canyon. The simulated density contours suggest a 120m amplitude vertical fluctuation center at 150m depth, with 5℃ temperature fluctuation. The computed baroclinic energy flux indicates that the energy in lower layer of the canyon is stronger than that of upper
layer. The high energy flux appears at the canyon foot and rim, and propagates along the canyon axis landward.