||In the process of urbanization, the population and economy are rapidly growing. To achieve the demand of urbanization, natural areas are developed into construction areas in the city. Nature areas began to shrink and fragment, causing a great deal of damage, such as species extinction. The ability of nature to control the flood, adjust the rain, and filter pollution has been lost. This study is based on the city of Kaohsiung and Kaohsiung County. The study uses a large scale to re-examine the spatial structure of this area to propose an effective and reasonable planning policy for the environment and ecosystem.|
The study introduces the concept of green infrastructure to develop a green network system for the city. Green infrastructure is a network connecting natural areas and open spaces that can save ecological value and retain the ecosystem function. A green infrastructure network consists of hubs and links, and the network pattern can be made for different purposes.
The study chose green land with an area of more than twenty hectares for the hubs and chose the terrestrial animal for the target species. The study uses the least-cost path analysis to plan the links for the terrestrial animal. The least-cost path, which is the path of least resistance when the terrestrial animal passes through the landscape. All the hubs generated 903 links. To create the green infrastructure networks, this study uses the gravity model to evaluate which corridor is the most important. Using the graph theory, the study developed three plans for a green infrastructure network to meet different demands: the Paul Revere, Traveling Salesman, and Least Cost to User networks. Planners can see different demands dictating the choice between different green infrastructure networks. Finally, the study discusses the three-network structure, finding the important hubs and links for the terrestrial animal. These areas should be protected to maintain the green infrastructure network.