||Taiwan has entered the aging era, after the post-war baby boomers, it is ready to enter the era of the old generation.|
In recent years, the official statistic has indicated that the proportions of “parents living with their spouse” are decreasing. Does the statistic indicate that the acceptance of the old generations to live in the elderly residential or nursing home increased? To revaluate the problem, this study distinguished five kinds of living patterns for the old generations scaling with a quantitative life- style pattern, and distributes 392 valid questionnaires for Kaohsiung City's 40-year-old to 59-year-old middle-aged civil servants and teachers. Not only does the research shows the correlations between demographic variables and the preferences of residential patterns, but it also classifies civil servants and teachers of Kaohsiung into four categories： “knowledge-LOHOS Group”, “conservative family group”, “easy-going group” and “active independent group” .
The results showed the accepted level for the five kinds of residential patterns for the old generations have increased; the most favorite and the most likely living type are “living alone or only living with one’s spouse” and “with children in the same neighborhood”, “elderly residential” and “live with their children” are in the second place, and last is the “nursing homes”. And by the independent samples T-test, one-way ANOVA and two variables correlation analysis showed that the preferences of five kinds of residential patterns have significantly related with the “age”, “gender”, “educational level”, “total household monthly income” , etc.
Besides, “active independent group” is the most acceptable group to stay in elderly residential and nursing homes, but is unwilling to live in the same neighborhood. The “knowledge-LOHOS Group” like living with their children in the same neighborhood than “active independent group” do, and it is more likely for the group to live in the same neighborhood than “conservative family group” do.
Finally, this study proposes some recommendations to the operators of the elderly residential and nursing homes, for instance, when the proportion, “with their children in the same neighborhood” and “living alone or living with their spouse”, have increased for the middle-aged people, it means that the government should have more active and effective strategies in facing the care network of general residential and community. In addition to regard the “active independent group” as a target market, it also needs to take other groups’ need into account.