||In recent years, prior to the implementation of important public construction projects, the government usually obtained plots of land for development through means such as land acquisition or purchases at negotiated prices. Land acquisition means that the government may, with public authority, obtain property that belongs to citizens by legislative force. However, as citizens’ rights to their property are clearly protected by the constitution, if the affected persons do not agree with the government’s estimation of property value or the measures taken to compensate for their loss, the Pareto Optimum will be difficult to reach, especially as the current related laws are still flawed. Therefore, determining how to compensate for the losses of those affected by land acquisition and arrange their relocation are crucial considerations.|
The Hongmaogang village relocation policy is the only case in Taiwan where the whole village is to be relocated. The area, now part of the R.O.C., was once under the rule of the Dutch, the Chinese Cheng Cheng-gong and the Japanese, and thus is home to an abundance of cultural assets. However, in 1975, the government finished construction of the Port of Kaohsiung's second harbor, thereby forever changing the lives of all Hongmaogang residents. When the plan of the Hongmaogang village relocation was brought up, residents could not come to an agreement on where exactly they wished to be relocated; they also had problems with the basis upon which their compensations would be decided. The plan was therefore revised numerous times, not only wasting administrative resources but also causing residents uneasy and damage to the interests of resident. This research will focus on this controversial case, seeking to understand the opinions of those affected through in-depth interviews, as well as analyze the relocation arrangement policies and how to carry them out through the examination of historical documents.
This research will discuss the multi-faceted Hongmaogang village relocation project from three aspects: political, economic and social. The study found the current government over a single point as the reference point of the calculation of compensation is not enough circumspect. And the importance of material compensation level, ignore nonphysical contempt important, such as maintaining social networks. Resettlement planning delays resulting in spending so many resources of the Hongmaogang village relocation policy. The process experience including bureaucratic parochialism, not implement effective policy communication, More importantly, the Government, while providing diverse population resettlement mode selection, But in fact it is only the people to choose their own conditions assessment, selective actually diverse not enough.
Therefore, this study suggests that detailed assessment of the public interest and necessity, before executing the Resettlement planning. Details resettlement planning impact assessment. Implementation as far as possible to the principle of resettlement in its original place, not increase the burden on the residents of the resettlement program,and norms and regulations to protect the relocatees resettlement. Tracking Vulnerable employment counseling and placement after the implementation of the Executive.