||In the response to the globalization trend, governments around the world manage to establish high effective and ideal-typed governments by promoting “reinventing government” projects to enhance administrative efficiency. Taiwan government, meanwhile, moves on to different phases of government reform plans.|
Since local governments in Taiwan were given the power of self governance in 1950, the administrative divisions haven’t been readjusted. After 60-year development, the population distribution and urban modes have totally changed. Without readjustment of the administrative divisions, human resource could not be reasonably deployed, resources wasted, regional development gaps widened and the entire country development was severely influenced. How face with and readjust the issue of administrative divisions is urgent. Governmental organization reform has been a crucial policy for years, yet opinions on administrative divisions has been differentiated and a general consensus on this matter was hard to be reached.
The objective of promoting the adjustment of administrative divisions is to boost the government administrative effectiveness. However, there are 319 urban and rural townships in Taiwan and to adjust and merge these administrative divisions is indeed a huge task. The author adopted a microcosm perspective and took the program of merging and adjustment of rural and urban townships in Pingtung county as a case. The program includes four phases of adjustment: 1) electoral divisions of regional legislatives, 2) electoral divisions of county councilmen, 3) divisions of land administration, and 4) divisions of police administration. With related literature review, the author analyzed and compared about administrative, political, legislative and fiscal factors before and after the adjustment of administrative divisions in Pintung county, and also proposed and discussed possible problems in the process of implementing the program. It is hoped that the study can be the reference to the future promotion of the adjustment of administrative divisions.