Title page for etd-0822112-145114


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URN etd-0822112-145114
Author Jen-Chieh Chang
Author's Email Address d932050003@student.nsysu.edu.tw
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Department Institute of Biomedical Sciences
Year 2011
Semester 2
Degree Ph.D.
Type of Document
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title The gene-gene interactions on IgE production from prenatal stage to 6 years of age
Date of Defense 2012-07-05
Page Count 64
Keyword
  • allergy
  • cord blood
  • immunoglobulin E
  • cohort study
  • multifactor dimensionality reduction
  • single nucleotide polymorphism
  • Abstract Prevalence of childhood asthma in Taiwan has increased 9 times from 1.3% to 10-14% in the past 4 decades. Many studies worldwide have demonstrated that many genes in different chromosomes are implicated in childhood asthma in different ethnic populations. A growing body of evidence suggests that allergic sensitization could occur in perinatal stage and correlate to the development of childhood asthma. Epidemiological studies, however, indicate that prevalence of childhood asthma is much higher in developed countries than that in developing countries; and prevalence of childhood asthma in metropolitan area is higher than that in country sites. This suggests that certain genes can interact with the environmental factors in developed countries to promote the development of childhood atopic disorders. Interests are now increasing on what is (are) the real pathogenic gene-gene interaction(s) for childhood atopic disorders under influence of age, gender and environmental factors? In a large perinatal cohort study with 1,211 pregnant women and their offspring from the obstetrics and pediatrics of Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, we analyzed 159 allergy candidate genes with 384 single nucleotide polymorphisms and showed that 14 genes over 22 somatic and X chromosomes risk to or protective from cord blood immunoglobulin E (CBIgE) elevation are different from those genes associated with IgE elevation in children under 1.5, 3 and 6 years of age (12, 15 and 12 genes, respectively). CX3CL1, IL13, PDGFRA and FGF1 polymorphisms were associated with elevated IgE at earlier ages (newborn, 1.5 and 3 years); HLA-DPA1, HLA-DQA1, CCR5 and IL5RA polymorphisms were associated with IgE production at 6 years of age. Further analysis by multifactor dimensionality reduction (MDR) developed from data reduction strategy, we found that there are interactions among innate immunity, adaptive immunity, and response and remodeling genes on IgE production begin in prenatal stage. For example, The gene-gene interaction among IL13, rs1800925, CYFIP2, rs767007 and PDE2A, rs755933 was significantly associated with IgE production at 3 years of age. This suggests that different genotypes of genes interact one another on the IgE production contributing to the development of allergic diseases. Since the concentration of IgE is an important indicator of atopic disorders and allergic sensitization, we believe after clarifying the natural course of the genomic profiles on IgE elevation, certain early predictor(s) and preventive regimens for allergic sensitization or atopic disorders may be made possible.
    Advisory Committee
  • Ming-Hong Tai - chair
  • Chih-Hsing Hung - co-chair
  • Ho-Chang Kuo - co-chair
  • Kuender D. Yang - advisor
  • Hurng-Wern Huang - advisor
  • Files
  • etd-0822112-145114.pdf
  • Indicate in-campus at 2 year and off-campus access at 3 year.
    Date of Submission 2012-08-22

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