||Claude Debussy is one of the most important composers in France in the late nineteenth century. Since Debussy’s compositional style is similar to with the “Impressionism” in painting which prevails at that time. As a result, Debussy’s compositional style is considered as the Impressionism in music. This study provides an overall view of the Debussy’s final work, “Violin Sonata”, which displays the hazy atmosphere of Impressionism. The showing virtuostic techniques of Debussy’s violin sonata are greatly different from the works of Henry Wieniawski and Pablo de Sarasate who emphasize on showing virtuostic technique. This sonata expresses rich and imaginary feelings by particular alternation of tone color, requiring many musical terminologies that exactly indicate not only the change of the tempo but also the position of the playing so that player can achieve an ideal timbre or convey the emotion.|
Except the preface and conclusion, this thesis includes two parts. The first part discusses about Debussy and Impressionism, briefly introducing his life and raising examples to show some characters of Impressionism in this work. The second part describes the historical background of his violin sonata and his compositional techniques on rhythm and musical figure such as ostinato, tautaphony, polyphony. Moreover, it also respectively explores how to express the emotion and the appropriate performance techniques for dealing with the dynamics with Debussy’s instructions on each chapter.