||In order to discover marine bioactive compounds, we investigated the chemical constituents from the organic extracts of soft coral Klyxum molle. Repeated column chromatography on the ethyl acetate extract of soft coral Klyxum molle, resulted in the isolation of nine new eunicellin-type diterpenoids, klymollins V－Z (1－5) and klyxumollins A－D (6－9), and four known compounds (10－13). The structures of new compounds were determined on the basis of extensive spectroscopic data (IR, MS, 1D and 2D NMR) and by comparison of the spectral data with those of the related known compounds. |
The cytotoxicity of compounds 1－13 was evaluated against five tumor cell lines including CCRF-CEM (human T cell lymphoblast-like cell line), K562 (human erythromyeloblastoid leukemia cell line), Molt 4 (human acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell line), T47D (human ductal breast epithelial tumor cell line) and DLD-1 (human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line). Compound 2 exhibited weak cytotoxicity toward three cancer cells (CCRF-CEM, Molt 4 and T47D) and compounds 4 and 9 showed weak cytotoxicity against CCRF-CEM cancer cells. Compound 11 was found to exhibit stronger cytotoxicity toward CCRF-CEM cancer cells (ED50 values of 4.2 μg/mL). On the other hand, compound 3 showed weak activity against the accumulation of the pre-inflammatory cytokine IL-6 in LPS-induced macrophages, at a concentration of 25 μM.