||Taiwan and China have once shared mutual historical background and both of them own similar races, languages and cultures. All the above reasons make them inseparable from long time ago. Though democracy creates distinct society of Taiwan from one created by Chinese communism , both sides braves the stable force from education despite different political systems.The phenomenon indicates the importance of educational policy and revolution by both sides, particularly instructors, the heart and soul of execution. Therefore, the author hope the thesis can conduct not only the merit system of instructors and the revolution of their rights and obligation of both sides, but also more of Taiwanese and Chinese policies for instructors and systems for education from the comparison and analysis.The thesis analyzes and differentiates Taiwanese and Chinese merit system as well as rights and obligation for instructors. The main method is comparative research by polish educationist George Bereday and also literature review will be used to collect needed documents or bibliographies. The development and revolution of merit system as well as rights and obligation for instructors are involved.|
The conclusion for the thesis is briefed as follows:(1)Both Taiwan and China requires educational background for instructor qualification. However, one loses qualification if he/she fails to obtain diploma in Taiwan. In China, one could still qualified as instructors for schools at any level through national teacher qualification certificate examination even if he/she fails to obtain diploma.(2)In Taiwan, test and examination are two ways to qualify as instructors. Test is for instructors qualifies for senior schools and below, two rounds are required. Examination is for instructors for Junior College and above, two rounds are required. In China,qualification for instructors requires application regardless of schools for all levels.(3)Both Taiwan and China implement appointment system for hiring instructors. However, the vast territory and serious influence peddling in China preventes the implementation of appointment system.(4)For rights of instructors, Taiwanese instructors assures right to profession association, right to educational neutralism and right to counsel for business lawsuit.(5)For obligation of instructors, Taiwanese instructors are under obligation to confidentiality and to be homeroom teachers. As for Chinese instructors, they are under obligation to tutor patriotism and to teach political thoughts.(6)Laws have already been made for instructors on merit system as well as rights and obligation for both Taiwan and China.(7)In regard to merit system as well as rights and obligation for instructors, division still lies between regulation and operation for both Taiwan and China.