||This thesis explores discourses on Tibetan human rights and thus analyzes how the concepts of human rights and sovereignty influence China’s sovereignty as a state and as a nation. By using methodologies of content analysis, field study, comparative study and interview survey, this study investigates three problematic concerns: firstly, changes in the nationality policies of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) toward Tibet since its original ruling and changes in Chinese scholars’ perceptions toward China’s minority policies; secondly, understandings of human rights that Tibetans and Tibet Government in Exile possess; and finally, discourses in Chinese and English literatures on Tibetan human rights and angles from which they observe China and Tibet. |
To sum up the divergent discourses, this study believes that Tibetan human rights is perceived as deriving from state sovereignty, minority rights, civil rights, and universal human rights. All the discoursers emphasize the importance of equality but which, differ in the contested subjectivity. Discourses on Tibetan human rights in the literatures can be divided into five main categories. First, minority rights or citizen rights possess Tibetans under the precondition of uncontested sovereignty of China. Second, minority rights for Tibetans under a multicultural perspective.Third, Tibetan human rights are perceived as both minority rights and universal human rights.Forth, Tibetan human rights as universal human rights. Lastly, Tibetan human rights as universal human rights only under the precondition of the independence of Tibet.