||This research focuses on training bundles, nonstandard work arrangement and their relationship in high-tech industry, and the conclusions are listed as follows,|
1. Training bundles and training effectiveness
Training practicability has a positive impact on employee productivity, company profitability, innovation and reduction of employee turnover rates. Training institutionalization has a positive impact on employee productivity and company profitability.
Rather than reducing employee turnover rates, training has the greater positive impact on employee productivity. Furthermore, larger organizations have higher level of training practicability.
2. Nonstandard work arrangement in high-tech industry
As the data showed, over 80% companies ever had nonstandard work arrangement in 2002, and in the companies that had such arrangement, fixed-term hires and subcontractors were mostly used. To adjust for business fluctuations and reduce administrative workload are first two reasons why companies use nonstandard work arrangement. Limited head count and personnel cost saving are also important factors to hire nonstandard workers. In particular, cost saving is the most important factor for companies to use subcontractors.
About the occupational structure, most nonstandard workers are either present in the position of administration or production. Only subcontractors are most present in the service occupations such as janitors, cleaners or caterers. With regard to personnel cost saving, compare to using dispatched workers, part-time workers and fixed-term hires are more helpful to reduce the personnel cost.
3. Training bundles and nonstandard work arrangement
The result indicates that the level of training bundles can not be the determinant of using nonstandard work arrangement. Besides, we found that organization size has a positive effect on using nonstandard work arrangement, fixed-term hires, dispatched workers and subcontractors.