||The whole theme about this thesis mainly focuses on the discussion of the transition of modern international climate governance (ICG) and its current status, and provides a comprehensive context to examine the issue of ICG. |
Summarized below are findings from research studies that have especially contributed to the understanding of ICG. First, regime complex as a system composed of at least three elemental regimes, the modified structural tends to analyze the background of the system and explore why it appears, from perspectives of power and state interest, and contends that strong powers would afford higher transaction cost via loose-coupling institutions rather than a single and complete regime to gain more ability of state risk management and negotiating power. Secondly, the climate regime complex emerges as a symbol of the United States’ desire to lead the process of ICG for its absolute gains via multiple climate cooperation, even if the descending power of the United States. The current status of ICG is mainly focused on the development of climate regime complex, however, which is targeted on, complementary to the UNFCCC and making the ICG more complete. Finally, the regime theory and regime complex theory are both the secondary structures to the neo-liberal institutionalism paradigm; furthermore, they share the same norms and are complementing to each other in terms of their emission regulations, features and benefits.