Title page for etd-0808108-141952


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URN etd-0808108-141952
Author Helen Grace
Author's Email Address helengrace_acharon@yahoo.com
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 5593 times. Download 2198 times.
Department Mainland China Studies
Year 2007
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document
Language English
Title A Comparative Study of the Rural Development between Mainland China and Philippines: A Focus on Township and Village Enterprises (TVEs) and Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs)
Date of Defense 2008-06-17
Page Count 152
Keyword
  • Mainland China
  • Philippines
  • Rural Development
  • Abstract This thesis evaluates the comparison between China’s Township and Village
    Enterprises (TVEs) and Philippines’ Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). TVEs and
    SMEs are considered “economic equity” programs of the two countries that serve both as
    a fiscalizer of the adverse effects of rapid urbanization and as poverty alleviation industry,
    more specifically in the rural areas. Both economic equities play an important role in
    Gross Domestic Product (GDP) contribution and employment rate. Although the two
    countries differ in some aspects, the author compared two regions from each country,
    namely Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in China and SOCSKSARGEN Region in
    the Philippines, to situate the shared commonalities and differences that may affect their
    economic performance. From the data gathered, the research proceeded to evaluate the
    reasons for the slow growth of SMEs in the Philippines as compared with the TVEs in
    Mainland China. The rural industrialization was viewed from the perspective of three
    important factors: societal, economic, and government policy support. After examining
    these three factors, China’s TVEs proved to be successful because all the three factors
    have been favorable to them. On the Philippines’ side, despite all the government
    support and economic opportunities attendant to it such as its richness in natural
    resources and good trade access to major foreign markets, there seemed to be sluggish
    economic growth brought about by societal factors like massive poverty in the rural areas,
    lack of skills and entrepreneurial capabilities, and other factors such as the prevalence of
    armed conflicts between the government and the various threat groups in some regions.
    Furthermore, this paper has driven home the point as exhaustively shown in the
    discussions in Chapter 4 that - “the more successful China’s TVEs and Philippines’
    SMEs are, the better for the rural development of the country”. China has proven this
    after the 1978 reforms when in 1990 TVEs dramatically rose 13 times more from its 1979
    level - that is from 1.4 million to 18.5million. This included other factors of growth like
    output value, employment and taxes remitted. While the features of the 1978 reforms -
    open door policy, decollectivization and decentralization, among others, were macro
    policies which fertiled the soil for rural industrialization in China, its TVEs growth was
    in a SULNAM (Spontaneous, Unorganized, Leaderless, Non-ideological, Apolitical
    Movement) phenomenon. Thus, it was more of societal and economic factors with the
    local government providing the policy support. Undeniably, it is one of the strong pillars
    of China’s economic growth and social-equity considering that 800 million of the 1.3
    billion population of China is in the countryside.
    Advisory Committee
  • Chyun-Yang Wang - chair
  • Susan Chao - co-chair
  • Teh-Chang Lin - advisor
  • Files
  • etd-0808108-141952.pdf
  • indicate access worldwide
    Date of Submission 2008-08-08

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