||A Study of Research and Publishing Patterns among University Faculty Members in Taiwan|
The main purposes of this study were (a) to investigate if the research and publishing patterns of university faculty members in Taiwan indicates the educational dependency phenomenon; and (b) to compare if the research and publishing patterns of the faculty with different variables (including gender, the country where faculty members acquired the highest degree, rank, years of service in university, career orientation, reputation of the departments and organizational context, academic discipline, and time spent on research or instruction) has significant differences.
The subjects of this study consisted of the active researchers in natural science, social science and art & humanities in the past 3 years (1999~2001), and these subjects were selected from the local and foreign citation database of SCI, SSCI, A&HCI, TSCI, TSSCI,and THCI. Through the survey of paper and cyber questionnaire of The Survey on the Research and Publishing Patterns among University Faculty Members in Taiwan, 329 samples responded. Most analysis methods were descriptives, t-test, chi-square test, and one-way ANOVA.
The findings and conclusions of this study were as follows:
1. The publishing preference of university faculty members in Taiwan indicated a center-periphery phenomenon that the educational dependency theory suggested. The research findings were published mainly in journals issued in western countries. Besides, the academic journals were also their first choice to make their research finding public.
2. The literature citation preference of faculty members in Taiwan revealed a center-periphery phenomenon that the educational theory suggested. The literature written in English and academic journals have been the main source for citation.
3. The local and foreign academic publishers did not discriminate non-resident scholars or non-local subjects during their review processes; while it was usually an effective tactics to co-work with foreign scholars or to follow the mainstream issues in order to have the academic papers successfully published.
4. The faculty members in Taiwan commonly had the attitudes of endorsing the local citation index database. However, most subjects still deemed the journals of foreign database as the preferred sources of reference in their promotion processes of professorial ranks, and insisted on submitting their papers to foreign journals.
5. The research and publishing patterns of the faculty members with different variables (including gender, the country where faculty members acquired the highest degree, rank, years of service in university, career orientation, reputation of the departments and organizational context, academic discipline, and time spent on research or instruction) had significant differences.
Finally, some suggestions were proposed by the researcher for related institutions, faculty members, and further studies.