|| It has been a world wide focus on applying information technology (IT) to learning, and a principal educational policy on integrating IT with teaching. The application of IT to teaching and learning relies on teachers’ and students’ adaptation to digitalized teaching materials. Exploring the factors affecting teachers’ attitude and tendency of using digitalized teaching materials will, beyond doubt, assist the promotion of diffusing IT to teaching. A related research of technology acceptance model (TAM) indicates that the availability and easiness of using scientific and technical products are the leading factors whether a user will accept the product. As digitalized teaching materials can be considered as a kind of scientific and technical products, the availability and easiness of using the products should be also the critical factors when teachers and students choose and apply the digitalized teaching materials. This study adopts TAM to verify the exploration results of teachers’ and student’attitude about digitalized teaching materials. Since the unbalance of frequency in using digital material for teaching between teachers, we separate samples into two groups, i.e. fresh users and advanced users. Fresh users are teachers who have never actually used digital materials in teaching but ever practiced them; Advanced users are those who sometimes or often apply them in instruction activities. For students, we choose students who are taking courses through network as the sample space. According to literatures and practical experience, the external factors are the characteristics of digitalized teaching materials, teachers’ and students’ information literacy, and the interaction between teachers or between learners respectively. This study takes the aforementioned three factors as independent variables to analyze the relationship between usefulness and easy-of-use (dependent variables), and, in addition, takes usefulness and easy-of-use to inquire the acceptance attitude. Furthermore, multiple regression analyses are conducted to obtain their relationships. The research proceeds with questionnaires. Subjects for filling out questionnaires are selected from teachers participating workshops on integration IT with teaching or digitalized teaching material announcement. The results show that the fresh user teachers with three external factors conform with the TAM, while the advanced user teachers do not conform with TAM at all. Furthermore, students in these three external factors have the same result with that of fresh user teachers. These results improve our understanding of the external factors affecting the acceptance of digitized teaching materials, which can be used for developing the|
promotion campaign of digitized teaching materials.
Keyword: Integration of Information Technology with Teaching, digitalized teaching materials, technology acceptance model