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URN etd-0804103-183650
Author Meng-Chun Shih
Author's Email Address m9045324@student.nsysu.edu.tw
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 5350 times. Download 3318 times.
Department Human Resource Management
Year 2002
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title Perceptions of Organizational Politics consequence Model-cross organization comparison research
Date of Defense 2003-06-27
Page Count 125
Keyword
  • turnover intention
  • Perceptions of Organizational Politics
  • job stress
  • job involvement
  • job satisfaction
  • Abstract For managing an enterprise, the exterior must face the fast changes of markets, technologies, and customers and the interior must communicate and coordinate among superiors, colleagues, and subordinates. Under the allocation of limited resources, members in organization usually utilize their own power to acquire the extra-benefits for protecting their own or group’s benefits. The frequency and strength of political behavior occurred in the organization depend on the factors such as organizational framework and environment to be varied. Among these factors, the employee mindset is a major problem (Tushman,1977).
    The study uses Perceptions of Organizational Politics Model developed by Ferris et al.(1989)as research frame to discuss the effects of perception of organizational politics on job satisfaction, job pressure, Job involvement, and turnover tendency of organizational employees: do Perceptions of Organizational Politics vary in different industries and if there is a difference in the degree of Perception of Organizational Politics of employee’s behavior in different industries.
    In the study, Perceptions of Organizational Politics Scale (POPS) totals 26 items which adopt 15 items from POPS of Kacmar & Carlson (1992) plus 11 items out of 31 items of Kacmar & Ferris (1992). After factor analysis, the POPS is divided into four perspectives: “superior behavior”, “go along to get ahead”, “promotion and difference between policy practice and execution ” and “coworker and clique behavior”.
    The objectives of the study are “public and private hospital”, “private high technology industry”, “private traditional manufacturing industry”, “public service industry”, “government agency” and “public and private school”. A total of 1141 questionnaires were mailed to the firms of industries described above, among the returned, 935 questionnaires were effective. The data were analyzed by Correlation Analysis, Reliability Analysis, Factor analysis, ANOVA , and Regression Analysis.
    The results show as the followings:
    1. “Sex”, “Age”, “education level” and “tenure” of individual variables have no significant difference in Perceptions of Organizational Politics.
    2. The results of the whole sample analysis confirm that Perceptions of Organizational Politics in the elementary employees are higher than that in the superiors.
    3. In the study of cross-organizational comparison, It is found that in different industries Perceptions of Organizational Politics indeed cause negative effects on job satisfaction and job involvement, which make employees produce job pressure and increase the intention to leave.
    4. The degree of Perceptions of Organizational Politics in employees varies in different industries, among surveyed industries, the Perceptions of Organizational Politics in “public and private hospital” are highest.
    5. “Superior behavior” is the most important reason to cause employees’ job unsatisfaction, job pressure and turnover tendency in different industries.
    6. The study shows that “coworker and clique behavior” has no significant effect on employee’s job satisfaction, job involvement and turn over tendency, however, it is the main source of employee’s job pressure in “private high technology industry ”and “government agency”.
    7. “Salary, Promotion and difference between policy practice and execution ” is the major reason for employees in “private traditional manufacturing industry” to decease the intention of job involvement. It means that employees in “private traditional manufacturing industry” than that in other industries care salary, promotion and difference between policy practice and execution.
    8. Employees in “public service industry” and “public and private school” have higher level of job satisfaction than other surveyed industries.
    9. Employees in “public and private hospital”, “private traditional manufacturing industry” and “private high technology industry” have higher job pressure than other surveyed industries.
    10. Employees in “private high technology industry”, “public and private school” and “public service industry” have higher intention of job involvement than other surveyed industries.
    11. Employees in “private traditional manufacturing industry” and “public and private hospital” have higher turnover tendency than other industries.
    The results of the study confirm that Perceptions of Organizational Politics indeed cause negative effects on employee’s job satisfaction and job involvement, bring employees job pressure, result in decrease of job morale, and further increase the intention to leave. At this time, it depends on managers how to develop their own creativity and carry out strategic integration to gather the organizational members together. So a high performance team can be built to increase the competitive ability of the enterprise.
    Advisory Committee
  • Shyh-Jer Chen - chair
  • Jin-Gang Ren - co-chair
  • Chin-ming Ho - advisor
  • Files
  • etd-0804103-183650.pdf
  • indicate accessible in a year
    Date of Submission 2003-08-04

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