||This is a qualitative study on Facebook civic participation, focusing on university and graduate student. Since Web2.0 has been invented, Social Network Sites (SNS) becomes more and more popular. Facebook is no doubt one of the most popular SNS, possessing the highest number of users. Citizens from all over the world try to voice their opinions using social media, for example, communicating with each other or protesting against their governments. The well-known example is “The Arab Spring”. Also, because of the social media and the Internet, young citizens get more power when they are concern with public issues. Citizens are no longer passive, but can take initiative. Therefore, public issues can be discussed and even be changed. |
The study shows that participants are familiar with using Facebook. They consider Facebook not only a social platform, but also good for sharing issues and gathering other participants via online weak ties. The “intention” of users is the connection between public sphere and social media. Also, mass media and Facebook interact each other. On the other hand, participants are more involved have higher amounts of interactive online and offline relationships. Otherwise, the participants who are less involved need weak ties to share and deliver information. Besides, participants who play “student” and “civil” role at the same time, the issues they care about are relevant to their background. They also care about their images on Facebook, as judgments from families or friends appear to put pressure on them.