||The risks of coastal hazard increased significantly due to the climate change and economic development. Thus, tasks of the coastal protection become more and more important, especially for the small islands such as Orchid Island. The special natural environment of Orchid Island makes the wind and waves strong. Based on this fact, this study wants to find out the reasons of why land uses of Orchid Island’s coastal areas remain, and even more and more frequent. Thus, the main objects of this study for Orchid Island include: (1) to understand the residents' awareness of coastal disasters; (2) to identify the types of land uses in coastal areas; and (3) to propose management recommendations for the coastal disaster prevention.|
This study explores the research trend of coastal protection strategies and hazard perceptions through the methodology of “Document Analysis,” and finds that coastal protection strategies are no longer concentrating on engineering approaches. To this end, this study takes a non-engineering approach by investigating the hazard perception of the residents in Orchid Island. Based on literature review, there are many studies pointing out that the land use is closely relevant to the coastal protection both from the perspectives of the coastal protection or hazard perception. However, conflicts of land uses between traditional culture of indigenous people and tourism exist in Orchid Island due to the legal gaps in the domestic laws and regulations.
The results of field observations and in-depth interviews show that management for some areas with special geographical locations and coastal land uses for the island is need in the future. In addition, according to the findings of the study on hazard perceptions, residents indeed are aware of the importance of typhoons and waves but not taking them seriously due to the low frequency of coastal disasters. Furthermore, residents believe that the occurrence of disasters is caused by improper land uses. For the protection strategy, residents consider that areas suffered from serious disasters should be given priority when planning the protection strategies.
In conclusion, this study finds that some areas of Orchid Island do have risks of coastal disasters, but the land use of coastal areas is instead more frequent. Therefore, the occurrence of the disaster of Orchid Island is different from that in the past studies. A possible explanation is that, under the consideration of economic development, people “actively” and “intentionally” move into the areas affected by natural disasters for the purpose of tourism. Finally, coastal protection planning in the island will inevitably involve traditional areas of the Tao People. Considering the protection of traditional wisdom and cultural heritage, it is thus necessary to deal with those issues carefully in the future zone-planning.