||In Taiwan, the malignant neoplasm is always the top of ten leading causes of death since 1982. In the light of this, strategies for cancer prevention and treatment are crucial national policies. Cancer screening, treatment, case tracking, cancer registry are all important points in the strategies. In addition to clinical treatment, personal psychological support and social function maintain are also important for cancer patients. Therefore, the patients support group could play a key medium, which not only bring psychological and social support to the patients but also exert positive influences on the diseases. Such holistic care will help the patients to obtain better outcomes and aid the country to promote policy effectively.|
In this study, 220 female cancer patients in the patients support group were enrolled. The self-consciousness of the participants were investigated before and after joining the patients support group. We analyzed the samples using descriptive statistic to investigate the influence of joining the patients support group on the self-consciousness, the benefit of the activities hold in the patients support group, the person whom the patient mostly expected to give her support, and the person who supported the patient actually. Then, we used the pairs-T test to analyze the differences of the patients’ psychological state and social function before and after participating in the patients support group. Finally, we applied the ANOVA to analyze the effects of age, marital status, living area, occupation, disposable income, education degree on the patients’ physical, psychological state and social function before and after joining the patients support group.
Most female cancer patients in this study were breast cancers(63％). The majority of patients in this study were enrollment period more than four years to five years (44％), age of 51-60 (44％), married (44％), living in Kaohsiung or Pingtung (97％), housewife (52％), senior high school or vocational high school (41％). Over 90％ patients thought that their self-consciousness significantly improved after joining the patients support group. Among the activities, patients thought that the " medical lectures" and " tourism activities " were the most helpful ones. During the illness, the first three order of people whom patients expected to support them were children, spouse, and siblings; the wardmates were at the fifth position. However, actually, the top three order of people who really gave a support to the patients were children, spouses, and wardmates. As a result, the support provided from the wardmates even exceeded that provided from the parents and siblings. Most demographic variables do not directly affect the self-consciousness. To compare whether joining the patients support group or not, there are no significant differences in psychological state, but there are significant differences in social function after joining the patients support group.
The results of this study showed that the patients support group was quite important for the patients. Therefore, we hoped that the government can practically stand by the development of the patients support group by raising related policies regarding medical institutions and public health and expected these would bring up the beneficial outcomes for cancer patients and cancer prevention and treatment strategies.