||As maritime transport service is a major tool for a nation to expand its economy and trade, the prosperity of maritime transport service is an indicator of its economic and trade prowess. The negotiations on the General Agreement on Trade in Services（GATS）have lasted for 10 years since the|
Uruguay Round in 1986. It is a pity that the negotiations still cannot be wrapped up as the norm of trade owing to the industry particularity, complexity, and conflict of interests among WTO members. Since Taiwan n China have become a member of the WTO – the United Nations of world
trade, - government between Taiwan and China will take into account the world organization major development when it formulates its policy on economy and trade.
As an important part of international service trade, international maritime services in Taiwan and China are bound to be affected and regulated by GATS. It is practically urgent and necessary to make a through
analysis and research of GATS and have a clear and correct understanding of its content and essence, so that international maritime services in China and Taiwan can develop steadily in a healthy and stable legal circumstance which is in harmony with that of international convention.
In this thesis, a comprehensive, though and systematic appraisal and research is made on the regulation, rules and principles in international maritime services as well as its application in this field. This paper discusses the highlights of the maritime policies of various nations and the causes for the failure of the talks in the past. It also deals with the negative attitude of the United States that led to the suspension of the operations of the small
group of negotiation on maritime transport service. It analyzes whether there is a possibility for the US to change its mind after the September 11 Incident. On the other hand, the paper reviews the effectiveness of the past five ministerial meetings of the WTO.
Among the three categories of maritime services, this paper regards that international maritime transport services have a greater opportunity to carry out liberalization. As for auxiliary services & access to and use of port services, it takes time to iron out the differences. The call for long-run follow-up talks to reach the final goals.
Finally, based on the above analysis and in view of the observation of WTO and GATS, suggestions are made on how to form and perfect the legislation of international maritime services in Chins and Taiwan. The paper calls on the government to assist in earnest the shipping business in digging out and resolving their problems, particularly at a time when marine transport services are still not regulated by the WTO/GATS. It is a pressing need that the government coordinates between China and Taiwan all state enterprises not to abandon their care for domestic shipping companies. This will deprive the government of its bargaining chips when in future negotiations other nations demand for an exchange of opening of the shipping market.