Title page for etd-0726111-175051


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URN etd-0726111-175051
Author Shu-Cheng Wang
Author's Email Address No Public.
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Department Economics
Year 2010
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title How expressive voting behavior affects candidates’ positions
Date of Defense 2011-07-19
Page Count 33
Keyword
  • voting participation
  • ANES
  • expressive voting
  • Nested logit model
  • electoral competition
  • Abstract We follow the approach of expressive voting and consider that voters with more extreme ideology can enjoy higher utility after voting. However, along with effect of ideology, voters also take the difference of his ideology and candidate’s into account. Given the above assumptions, two candidates choose their ideology before voters decide whether and for whom to vote. Two candidates’ ideology converges to the middle point if voters’ utility generated by expressive voting approach is less important than by instrumental voting approach. In the opposite, two candidates’ ideology diverge and the voters with mild ideology refuse to vote in point if voters’ utility generated by expressive voting approach is more important.
    We examine the ANES data of ten U.S. presidential elections from 1972 to 2008. The nested logit model is used to estimate the corresponding coefficients of voters’ utility generated by expressive voting approach and instrumental voting approach. The data supports our conjecture that voters with more extreme ideology are more likely to cast their votes.
    Advisory Committee
  • Chih-min She - chair
  • Shih-jye Wu - co-chair
  • Chun-chieh Wang - advisor
  • Yung-nian Tung - advisor
  • Files
  • etd-0726111-175051.pdf
  • indicate in-campus access immediately and off_campus access in a year
    Date of Submission 2011-07-26

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