||In the process which organization creates value, because of blurred target, limited|
resources, environmental change, non-procedure decision making, members’
personality, values, difference of perception, and selfish nature of mankind, individuals
hunt for benefits and pile up resources to create more power and effect, and then
political behavior of organization was born. But on the other side, some people think that
political behavior is effective management. So when organization members have
perception on political behavior, the behavior and attitude will make influence on
This research tries to compare and analyze the relationship and effect of
perceptions of organizational politics on organizational commitment, job performance,
and organizational citizenship behavior between public and private enterprises members.
The research objects include government organization, armed forces, national business,
teaching and administrative staff, service trade, manufacturing industry, finance
business, science and technology business. The number of questionnaires we mailed to
research objects was 1,459. The number of valid questionnaires was 1,187, including to
the publicly-owned business (384) and the private enterprise (803).
The results of research are as follows：
(1) The political perceptions of public and private enterprises members and
organizational commitment have significant negative correlation. The related degree in
publicly-owned business is higher than private enterprise. The supervisor behavior
(independent variable) influences political perceptions most. And the affective
commitment (dependent variable) explains most.
(2) The perceptions of organizational politics and job performance for
publicly-owned business members have non-significant negative correlation. The
perceptions of organizational politics and job performance for private enterprise
members have significant negative correlation. The pay and promotion policies influence
most. The contextual performance explains most.
(3) The perceptions of organizational politics and organizational citizenship
behavior for public and private enterprises members have significant negative
correlation. The related degree in private enterprise is higher than publicly-owned
business. The independent variable in publicly-owned business, go along to get ahead
influences political perceptions most. The independent variable in private enterprise, pay
and promotion policies influence political perceptions most. Both about the dependent
variables can explain organizational public-profit behavior most.