||Ecologist Tom Dale and Vernon Gill Carter Published a book 《Topsoil and Civilization》 in 1955, There is a paragraph in the prolog：|
「Civilized human always can temporarily control the environment mostly. Their main problem caused of the misconceiving that the temporary control can be forever. They misconceive that they are the “dominator of the world”, but don’t realize the rule of the nature at all.
Human no matter civilized or not, nevertheless, is the son not the master of nature. If they want to sustain and maintain the ecological environment, their behavior must follow the rule of nature. If they try to evade these rules, the consequence usually ruins the surrounding environment what nurture them. When the environment gets worst rapidly, their civilization declines too.」
It seems to be a fate, like Morrie said in 《Tuesday with Morrie》：「Every one knows he will die, but nobody takes it as real.」Human does not only treat his own life like this way, but also the environment what they survive and live in!
From 1992, ’Rome Club’ published the book 《The limit of growth》, the consciousness of environmental protection started to head up. Some issues like Ecology of commerce, Sustainable development, Land ethics, Deep ecology and Environmental economic came out one after one. Purely economic and efficient considering of design and production can’t satisfy these kinds of demand. For this sake, International Standard Organization issued out the ISO-14000 series and accepted worldwide gradually. ISO-14040：Life Cycle Assessment，evaluating the impact to the environment from material input, manufacturing, transportation, using, recycle, disposal, by other words--- ‘from the cradle to grave’.
LCA try to use quantitative concept to interpret the environmental impact or damage from human made product. It may provide environmental protection user a systematic thinking to distinguish which product is environmental amity product, which is not; also could be a stand for environment strategy. Applied on the production, it can be a good tool for ‘Green Design’ thinking, to reduce the impact to the environment from every stage in production.
This thesis is going to study the 6V4Ah Lead acid battery that used widely in the market. Quoting LCA’s indications and SimaPro 4.0 software developed by Pre Consultants B.V. as the database and tools to evaluate the impact and damage to our environment. About the basic data bank, we adopt the local databank built by ITRI (Industrial Technology Research Institute) for years and the data included in SimaPro software. Those are Pre4, PreNL, BUWAL250 and IDEMAT96. Following the analysis procedures as Classification, Normalization, Evaluation by both impact orientation method --- Eco-indicator 95 method and damage orientation method --- Eco-indicator 99 method to evaluate this product’s LCA study. Further more, look forward to provide a potential evaluation way to evaluate and compare to other various batteries.