||Vehicular ad-hoc network (VANETs) has been a hot research topic in recent years. In this environment, each vehicle can broadcast messages to other vehicles and inform drivers to change their route right away in order to enhance the efficiency of driving and to avoid accidents. Since vehicles communicate through wireless tunnel, many malicious attacks may occur during the transmission of messages. Consequently, ensuring the correctness of receiving messages and verifying the authenticity of the sender is necessary. Besides, we also need to protect the real identities of vehicles from revealing to guarantee the privacy. To satisfy these security properties, many related researches have been proposed. However, they all have some drawbacks. For example: 1. The cost of the certificate management and the exposure problem of the certificate. 2. Waiting for RSU to verify the messages: Once more vehicles need RSU, RSU will have much more overhead and it can’t achieve real-time authentication. |
In this thesis, we come up with an anonymous authentication and key agreement scheme based on chameleon hashing and ID-based cryptography in the vehicular communication environment. In our scheme, every vehicle can generate many different chameleon hash values to represent itself, and others can prove the ownership of chameleon hash value. Furthermore, unlike other pseudonymous authentication schemes, we also achieve one-to-one private communication via ID-based cryptography. Finally, we not only overcome some problems in previous works but also fulfill some necessary security requirements in vehicular communication environment.