||Optical fiber access technology is the key to realize a broadband communication for everyone, and the passive optical network (PON) is enabling customers to enjoy high-speed internet access now. As the demand for the broadband access is still growing, a study to find out technologies to realize wider bandwidth for the access system is quite important. At this moment, wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) PON is the most promising technology for the future optical fiber access system.|
Current PON system covers a reach of within 20km from a central office, because the market of the access system is focusing on well-populated area. It is required to extend the reach of the PON system to enhance the applicable area, because there are many regions in the world where are not so highly populated. Therefore, this master thesis is focusing on to enhance the reach of the WDM-PON system. A little more specifically, a single fiber bidirectional 80 km WDM PON system with symmetric up-and-downstream data rate of 10.66Gb/s is reported. In order to enhance the reach of the WDM-PON system, Raman amplifier is utilized. As the Raman amplifier can amplify both directional optical signals simultaneously, it is quite effective to enhance the reach of the WDM-PON system. Even though, there are several effects that cause performance degradations of the system by introducing the Raman amplifier. It is important to clarify such effects and to provide solutions. This thesis discusses these issues also.
One factor to degrade the system performance is the Rayleigh backscattering. As the Raman amplifier amplifies the Rayleigh backscattering, it interferes to the signal and causes the crosstalk penalty. At first, an experimental study has been conducted to clarify the significance of the Rayleigh backscattering, and the method to overcome the crosstalk penalty is presented. Then, another experiment to realize 80km WDM PON system with Raman amplifier is conducted, and it demonstrates a feasibility of such system. Finally, this thesis is concluded by a successful demonstration of the WDM-PON system with an enhanced reach.