In respect with research on the regime of the old age economic security, this dissertation primarily propose some issues as to what foundation of philosophical method is for the old age economic security, what ideology is for this regime, how the personality is to be asserted for protection of the old age economic security, what indemnifications in the light of the constitution and rules are implemented, how to allocate resources in order to facilitate equal of the generations and personality development free under the limited financial resources, and how to achieve a sustainable development of the pension system in view of changes of economic and demographic structure. Moreover, comparing with standard and framework of the international organizations, this dissertation would like to further explore whether the old age economic security regime in our country follows international organizations’ criterion as a golden rule or international standards are only regarded as reference in our regime. Following above raised issues, this dissertation think that it should be discussed whether our the old age economic security system is prefect enough or this system need to be amended as well.
Based on the above-mentioned consciousness, this dissertation adopts core essence of the old age economic security—responsibility and income support as a starting point. First, I would analysis the contents of constitution by methodology of philosophy of law to explore the explicit and implicit meaning for the old age economic security therein contained. Second, I use methodology of philosophy of law and political science to ascertain the necessity of the presence of personality and its legal hierarchy, to discuss constitutional basis on the protection of living of senior citizens in order to understand protection of dignity and living in the constitution which is legal basis for the old age economic security regime, and to express how to adopt appropriate measures in accordance with the principle of equality, the principle of diversity, the principle of proportionality, justice of generations and sustainable development. Furthermore, this dissertation also focuses on the issues of retirement income replacement rate, option of pension plan and risk diversification to clear their weak points and make some recommendations. Whereas the old-age society is a global issue, International Labor Organization and World Bank both take serious view on it and provided frameworks and advices of the old age economic security respectively. Therefore, this dissertation also deeply discusses our country’s current regime and compares with the above-mentioned international regime to clarify our shortages and provide some recommendations.
By way of research above issues regarding the old age economic security, we may say, the old age economic security regime is a diverse and complex system which contains wide sphere included social policy, labor policy, family policy, population policy and economic policy such as. In addition of philosophy of law, this regime also involve with constitution、social law and labor law。Furthermore, the reform of pension implicate extensive field which need to be considered together as a whole rather than do it respectively. Consequently, the reform of pension is a huge undertaking and never-end job. However, we should be up the pace with social change in order to face concrete demand of the pension regime and operate pension regime in the way of sustainable development.
Key words: the old age economic security, personality of theory, human dignity, the right to life, sustainable development, resource allocation