The main purpose of this study is to explore the perception of senior and vocational high school students regarding safety climate and safety performance in the campus. Based on the review of campus safety events, related literatures on campus safety, and the analysis of validity and reliability, a questionnaire was developed which includes 91-item campus safety climate (CSC) scale, 46-item campus safety performance (CSP) scale, 98-item campus safety event likelihood (CSEL) scale.
The factor analysis of CSC located four factors including: school commitment and action, student's commitment and perception of risk, safety attitude, response during an emergency, which explain 38.67% of the total variance. And CSP scale results in four factors: safety organization and management, safety training, safety equipment and measures, maintenance and event investigation, which explain 59.85% of the total variance.
The researcher distributed 3280 questionnaires to students in 41 senior and vocational high schools in Taiwan. Of these 41 schools, 21 schools were chosen because of their poor performance in campus safety while the other 20 schools were selected due to their bright performance in campus safety. And 2837 valid questionnaires have been returned. The retrieving rate of the questionnaires is 86.49%. The independent-sample T test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation and canonical correlation analysis is has been applied to the analysis of the raw data. The major findings of the research are listed below:
1. Significant positive correlation between CSC and CSP is found. The strongest positive correlation exists between school commitment and action and CSP; the second one is between student's commitment and perception of risk and CSP.
2. School commitment and action is the best predictor to CSP, and the second one is student's commitment and perception of risk.
3. The more score a school gets in CSEL scale, the less campus safety events happened at that school. The significant positive correlation can be found among CSEL, CSC and CSP scale. And the correlation is especially high between CSEL and safety equipment and measure, the same is happened between CSEL and CSP.
4. The most frequent campus event among senior and vocational high school students is injures during exercises and games (26.3%). The next campus event is the conflicts between teachers and students (13.2%). The third one is traffic accidents outside the campus (12%). And the fourth one is the fights among teenagers (10.9%).
5. CSC, CSP and CSEL scales can provide available information for the control of campus safety event and for the direction of prevention campaigns.
Keywords: campus safety climate, campus safety performance, campus safety perception