||With Taiwan’s economic development, and the wave of globalization as the impetus, after the government’s “No haste, be patient” policy and the mini-three links, on the first day of April, 2007, Penghu saw the launch of the conditional mini-three links. As the government gradually carries out cross-strait opening-up policies, the “direct flight” is likely to arrive in the foreseeable future.|
As a response to the likelihood of the “direct flight”, what kind of impact and challenges will it bring to the Penghu economy? How should people in Penghu face up to them? What kind of opinions and suggestions should be made heard to the different levels in the government and the civil society?
Dialogue mechanisms such as Denmark’s Consensus Conference and the “bottom up” method promoted by the World Bank of central Europe, as well as the US-borne “Interactive Management”, or IM, are approaches in which a small group of people gather in a small seminar to listen to one another’s opinions and needs, and to negotiate in order to reach a consensus. These advanced and effective ways for people to come up with strategies all seeks wide participation from the people as their foundation, through a “bottom up” dialogue, to generate practical and effective strategies.
This research, based on the Public Affairs Management, or PAM, utilizes Nominal Group Technique, or NGT, and Interpretive Structural Modeling, or ISM, as a discussion method of interactive management. Three students work in a team. With the impact of cross-strait direct flights to Penghu as the theme, they start their discussions from the sub-themes which include the economy, the society and the government. The team carries out cross-domain analysis in these different fields, using research methods stretching from regional science, management science, and policy science, among others. The team applies different methods to different fields of study. Regardless of the limitation of the location and the departments, PAM and the output of regional analysis (analysis of the economic fundamentals, time series analysis, horizontal analysis, and gravity model) are used as the input of judgment analysis (Social Judgment Theory, or SJT). The output of regional analysis and judgment analysis are used as the input of policy analysis (Interactive Management, or IM). The above is combined with Penghu’s existing historical information to yield independent, objective and credible data for cross-domain analysis, which is used by the discussion participants in sensible reasoning. The data are also internalized in the IM discussion platform to ensure the effectiveness of the participants, to distinguish among different groups, and to connect resources including the people, the time, the
place and the event, so that the participants could engage in an effective dialogue on an equal footing provided by the discussion platform, where they study the impact of direct flights on Penghu’s economy. After discussions and voting in two interactive seminars, the participants chose and proposed twelve strategies regarding “the Impact of Direct Flights on Penghu—from an Economic Point of View.”
The cross-domain research method, encompassing different levels and the participants’ cognitive psychology, engages the participants in sensible discussions so that the various powers can come together before they are optimized. This helps foster the formation of civil awareness and raise the levels of the civil society, contributing greatly to the goal of civil governance.