Title page for etd-0715102-101146


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URN etd-0715102-101146
Author Chia-Hua Lin
Author's Email Address m8933609@student.nsysu.edu.tw
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Department Environmental Engineering
Year 2001
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title Catalytic Wet Air Oxidation of Ammonia Solutions with Addition of Cu/La/Ce
Date of Defense 2002-06-05
Page Count 172
Keyword
  • Co-precipitation
  • Cu/La/Ce composite oxide
  • NH3-N
  • Catalyst
  • Catalytic Wet Air Oxidation (CWAO)
  • ammonia
  • Abstract ABSRACT
    This study was to investigate the removal efficiency and kinetics in oxidation of ammonia solutions (NH3-N) in ranging from 400 mg/L to 1000 mg/L by adding Cu/La/Ce catalyst in process of Wet Air Oxidation (denoted by WAO). All experiments were conducted in semi-batch and continuous reactors in series. The major parameters included temperature, pressure, concentration and pH.
     
    In the semi-batch type of WAO experiments, the major parameters were performed at the following conditions: an initial concentration NH3-N of 400 mg/L, temperatures ranging from 423 K to 503 K, a total pressure of 4.0 Mpa, and a pH of 12.0. A removal efficiency of 32.7%was obtained in WAO process at 503 K for180 min, but it could be significantly promote to 95.1% after adding a catalyst of molar ratio 7:2:1.The kinetics of WAO with this catalyst in oxidation of NH3-N solutions, using a test of half-life, was developed nearly to a zero order. The reaction constants were 10.12 KJ/mol, 9.12 KJ/mol, and 6.57 KJ/mol at 503 K, 473 K and 423 K.
    In the continuous type of WAO experiments, the major parameters were performed at the following conditions: an initial concentration NH3-N of 400 mg/L, a temperature of 503 K, a total pressure of 2.0 Mpa, a pH of 12.0 and a liquid space velocity of 4.5 hr-1 (averagelyresidence time 14 min) . A removal efficiency of NH3-N of 6.5 % only was achieved in WAO process for a space velocity of 4.5 hr-1 (averagely residence time 14 min) , but after adding a catalyst of molar ratio 7:2:1 it increased to 72.3 % for a same residence time and a better efficiency of above 91 % was found for 1.5 hr-1 (averagely residence time 40 min) . For increasing the initial concentration of NH3-N into 600 mg/L, 800 mg/L, and 1000 mg/L the removal efficiency of NH3-N decreased with 85 %,75 % and 69 % for 1.5 hr-1 . Thus, the initial concentration of NH3-N in influent inhibits the removal efficiency in the oxidation process. The higher initial concentration the lower removal efficiency. 
    Advisory Committee
  • Chin-Ming Kao - chair
  • Tsai-Fu Lin - co-chair
  • Chi-Chung Lou - advisor
  • Files
  • etd-0715102-101146.pdf
  • indicate access worldwide
    Date of Submission 2002-07-15

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