||Three students work in a team in this study. With the impact of cross-strait direct flights on Penghu as the theme, they start their discussions from the sub-themes which include the economy, the society and the government. The team applies other theoretical frameworks in earnest exploration of Penghu’s potentials to underline Penghu’s readiness for its future. The team applies different method to different fields of study. Regardless of the limitation of the locations and the departments, PAM and the output of cross-domain analysis (analysis of the economic fundamentals, time series analysis, horizontal analysis, and gravity model) are used as the input of judgment analysis (Social Judgment Theory, or SJT). The output of cross-domain analysis and judgment analysis are used as the input of policy analysis (Interactive Management, or IM). The above is combined with Penghu’s existing historical information to yield independent, objective, and credible data for cross-domain analysis. Combining resources including the people, the time, the place and the event, the method encompasses all levels and the participants’ cognitive psychology so that the various powers can come together before they are optimized; a consensus is reached and the maximum value shared by the public is created.|
The IM theoretical framework is applied to this study, where the livelihood of the Penghu people and how to improve the living standard of the people are discussed. The public forum acts as the platform for dialogue. Twenty-four representatives from various fields were invited to express their ideas in a sensible discussion, where they take in others’ opinions and learn from one another in a forum that is both theoretical and practical.
The Interactive Management, or IM, of the policy analysis is applied, combined with Nominal Group Technique, or NGT, and Interpretive Structural Modeling, or ISM, as the methods of analysis. The NGT procedure, from the identification, clarification to voting on the issues, to the comparison among different issues are all assisted with the ISM software to generate an enhanced structural diagram that is more clearly structured and easy to read. After the participants’ deliberation and revision, twelve strategies regarding “the Impact of Cross-strait Direct Flights on Penghu—from an Economic Point of View” were proposed.
To clarify the enhanced connections among policies, to bring about an enhanced structural relationship, and to set forth the priorities, goals and directions for each policy, the participants believe that the first task is to deal with the waste management of the county, to raise the public’s environmental awareness, and to solve water-and-electricity-related issues, which will improve other policies.
The leaders should always start from the people, listen to the people, speak out for the people and keep the people in mind. Just like Atem Ramsundersingh, a senior official in the Water Department at the World Bank, pointed out: in the development of Taiwan’s sustainable policies, the leaders should listen to the voice from the root of the society by allowing the “bottom up” approach as an effective method for people to voice their opinions in a deliberative democracy.
Considering the above and in the hope of identifying an appropriate alternate solution that is comprehensive, sound and practical as a reference for upcoming researchers, it is suggested that the policymakers, when discussing cross-strait policies, should listen to the opinions of people in Penghu via various channels. Practices should complement the theoretical framework in a research for it to reap greater results, namely, the fostering of civil awareness, the improvement of the levels of a civil society, and the realization of civil governance.