Title page for etd-0709110-123622


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URN etd-0709110-123622
Author Wei-chin Chen
Author's Email Address cv4a@yahoo.com.tw
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Department Environmental Engineering
Year 2009
Semester 2
Degree Ph.D.
Type of Document
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title Application of Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) Technique on Adsorption Capacity and Adsorption and Desorption Kinetics of Sulfur-impregenated Activated Carbon Saturated with Gaseous Mercury Chloride
Date of Defense 2009-10-27
Page Count 249
Keyword
  • thermogravimetric analysis (TGA)
  • powdered activated carbons
  • sulfur impregnation
  • adsorptive capacity of HgCl2
  • desoption energy
  • adsorption/desorption kinetic model
  • Abstract The objective of this study is to investigate the influence of sulfur compounds (S and Na2S) for powdered activated carbon derived from carbon black of pyrolyzed waste tires (CPBAC). Besides, this study investigated the distribution of impregnated sulfur in the inner pores of activated carbon and its effected on the specific surface area and pore size distribution. This study investigated the fundamental mechanisms by analysis of thermodynamic properties and to establish the kinetic models for the adsorption/desorption of HgCl2 by/from sulfur impregnated CBPAC. Furthermore, this study investigated the adsorptive and desorption capacity of HgCl2 onto CPBAC via thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). 
    Experimental results indicated that the specific surface area of sulfur impregnated CBPAC with elemental S (S0) was larger than sulfur impregnated CBPAC with Na2S. Besides, the sulfur content of sulfur impregnated CBPAC increased with increasing the surface area of CBPAC under the same impregnated temperature. And, the adsorptive capacity of CBPAC increased with the increase of influent HgCl2 concentration and surface area of the activated carbon. According to the experimental results of the adsorption capacity under the differential sulfur content, its indicated that the affection of sulfur content for adsorption capacity of HgCl2 was much than HgCl2 concentration and surface area of the activated carbon. 
    The desorption energys were 266 and 282 kJ/mole for HgCl2 desorption from saturated CBPAC-S0 and CBPAC-Na2S, respectively. The results showed the process of HgCl2 adsorption onto CBPAC was in favor of a physisorbed state of HgCl2 at the adsorption temperature of 150 oC but the process of HgCl2 adsorption onto CBPAC which impregated was in favor of a chemisorbed state of HgCl2 at the adsorption of 150 oC. The value of ∆G for CBPAC at the adsorption temperature of 30 ~150 oC were ranged from -15.28 kJ/mole to -26.63 kJ/mole. The value of ∆G for CBPAC-S0 at the adsorption temperature of 30~150 oC ranged from -23.45 kJ/mole to -32.09 kJ/mole. The value of ∆G for CBPAC-Na2S at the adsorption temperature of 30~150 oC ranged from -22.84 kJ/mole to -32.72 kJ/mole. The results showed negative values of ∆G confirmed the feasibility of adsorption process and the spontaneous nature for the adsorption of HgCl2. The value of ∆H for CBPAC at the adsorption temperature of 30 ~150 oC ranged from -35.58 kJ/mole to -35.82 kJ/mole. The value of ∆H for CBPAC-S0 at the adsorption temperature of 30 ~150 oC ranged from -38.07 kJ/mole to -52.49 kJ/mole. The value of ∆H for CBPAC-Na2S at the adsorption temperature of 30~150 oC was -37.45 kJ/mole to -53.12 kJ/mole. A negative ∆H suggested that the adsorption of HgCl2 is an exothermic process. Besides, the adsorptive behavior of HgCl2 for two activated carbons (CBPAC-Na2S and CBPAC-S0) at high temperature (110 ℃ and 150 ℃ ) was the same chemical reaction mechanism due to the same ∆H. Besides, the results of model simulation indicated that modified adsorption kinetic model based on pore diffusion scheme developed in this study could successfully simulate the transport and adsorption of HgCl2 by considering the chemical reaction within the inner pores of carbon grains at 150 oC.
    Advisory Committee
  • Wen-Jhy Lee - chair
  • Ming-Shean Chou - co-chair
  • Chung-Hsuang Hung - co-chair
  • Shui-Jen Chen - co-chair
  • Chung-Shin Yuan - advisor
  • Files
  • etd-0709110-123622.pdf
  • indicate access worldwide
    Date of Submission 2010-07-09

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