||Fractal was first used in measuring the length of the coastline, with the fractal|
research and development, not only to break the traditional Archimedean geometry,
but also to explain many scientific to ignore the complexity and nature of nonlinear
phenomena structure .Fractal has been widely applied to such as physics, astronomy,
geography and sociology and other fields, as a wave of interdisciplinary research in
recent years. Coastal areas has always been cultural, economic and activities areas
since ancient times. Coastal zone was land and sea for the interaction region by a
variety of factors (ex: waves, tides, currents and wind, etc.) continue to function,
derived from different coastal terrain. Therefore changes in the coast of the deep
impact of humanity. Under the principle of the conservation and development,
Coastal areas should be use of modern technology to prediction, analysis, assessment,
planning, and management, so that a sustainable preservation of coastal resources.
In this study, static and dynamic predict and simulation the coast shape base on
fractal. The static part is observation of 29 beaches in South China coast. And collect
and calculate the parameters and fractal dimensions of the coast. Through the shape of
image processing and analysis of information, to find two generators of the coast.
Through the data mining technology to identify the criteria for classification, and to
simulation the coastline by generate iterations method. The dynamic part is based on
hydraulic model’s results, the use of traditional multiple linear regression and neural
network to compare the dynamic prediction of the coastline. The results show that the
use of neural networks to predict than the use of multiple linear regression, and effect
of use difference angle (θ) to predict sub-coastlines than the effect of not use
difference angle (θ) to predict, and add fractal dimension can effectively reduce the
predict error and increase the degree of interpretation.