||The thesis is to fabricate Al/APC-2 hybrid nanocomposite laminates and investigate their mechanical properties at elevated temperature. The prepregs of Carbon /PEEK were stacked into cross-ply [0/90]s and quasi-isotropic [0/45/90/-45] laminates spread uniformly with nanoparticles SiO2. The sheet surface was treated by chromic acid anodic method to achieve perfectly bonding with matrix PEEK. The prepregs were sandwiched with the Al alloy sheets. The modified diaphragm curing process was adopted to produce Al/APC-2 hybrid nanocomposite laminates. The hybrid nanocomposite laminates were a five-layer composite with two 0.55 mm thick Carbon/PEEK layers sandwiched by three 0.5 mm thick 2024-T3 Aluminum alloy sheets. The MTS 810 material testing machine was used to conduct the tension and fatigue tests. In addition, the MTS 651 environmental chamber was installed to control and keep the specific testing temperature, which was room temperature, 75°C, 100°C, 125°C and 150°C. |
The mechanical proper¬ties, such as ultimate tensile strength and longitudinal stiffness of hybrid cross-ply and quasi-isotropic nanocomposite laminates, were obtained from the static tensile test, and the stress-strain diagrams were plotted in the corresponding temperature. The constant stress amplitude tension-tension cyclic tests were carried out by using load-control mode at a sinusoidal loading with frequency of 5Hz and stress ratio R=0.1. The received fatigue data were plotted in normalized S-N curves at variously elevated temperature. In order to observe the failure mechanism of samples, the scanning electron microscope was used.
From the summarized results, some conclusions were made. First, the slope changed at strain=0.1% in the stress-strain diagram, and led to a noticeable error between the experimental data and ones calculated according to Rule of Mixtures. Second, the Al/APC-2 cross-ply nanocomposite laminates were less resistant to fatigue than quasi-isotropic. Third, the ultimate tensile strength of both hybrid composite laminates was the lowest at 150°C. Fourth, the Al/APC-2 quasi-isotropic nanocomposite laminates were more resistant to the temperature effect. Finally, The mechanical proper¬ties were better for the surface treated by chromic acid anodic method than chemical etching.