|| The purpose of this study is to explore the possibilities of the retirees or future retirees group who currently reside in the urban areas to migrate in-island Taiwan. Utilizing Andersen’s “Behavior Model of Health Service Utilization” as structure, this research aims to explore the factors influencing moving intention and the accompanying geographic attribute selection in order to understand the feasibility of the development of the retiree inland migrant group. On April, 2012, using purposive and snowball sampling, this research carried out a questionnaire targeting retirees or future retirees aged between 50 to 70 years old in five cities: Taipei City, New Taipei City, pre-county-city consolidated cities of Taichung City (including Fengyuan City), Tainan City and Kaoshiung City (including Fongshan City). A total of 1,110 questionnaires were given out, 722 retrieved, 691 were valid with an effective rate of 62.82%. |
The results of this study show a fairly low 23.20% moving intention of retirees or future retirees from the urban areas. As to geographic attribute selection, the majority show an inclination to choosing to live in the urban outskirts (45.90%) and the urban areas (32.40%). According to the Chi-square analysis, components influencing moving intention and geographic attribute selection include: the predisposing components of gender, current residency, place of residency before 15 years old, number of children and lifestyle; the enabling components of average monthly disposable income, living pattern, residential burden status and the need component of regional characteristic demand have a significant difference with moving intention. Furthermore, the predisposing components of level of education and lifestyle, the enabling component of average monthly disposable income and the need components which include one of the activities planning of refresher’s course participation and regional characteristic demand have a significant difference with geographic attribute selection. Additionally, the majority among those with a moving intention are inclined to choose to live in rural areas. Thus, it is reasonable to conclude that current residents in urban areas will tend to migrate to rural environments rather than other urban areas or outskirts after retiring. According to the above analysis, recommendation is given to areas where retirees have migrated in order to better understand the retirees or future retirees group and the development of the local industry in Taiwan.