Title page for etd-0702118-104150


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URN etd-0702118-104150
Author Chih-Hong Pan
Author's Email Address No Public.
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Department Political Science
Year 2017
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title A Preliminary Study of Left Wing in Taiwan - from the Perspective of Historical Institutionalism
Date of Defense 2018-07-12
Page Count 94
Keyword
  • class consciousness
  • left-wing
  • left-wing party
  • Abstract With the theme of " why did Taiwan not yet have a strong left-wing party?", this paper analyzes the factors behind it and also analyzes the left wing party history of Taiwan through its four periods. The first period, the period of Taisho democracy. The enlightenment and development of Taiwan's left wing (1920-1931). The left wing had been initiated in this period, but eventually turned into underground activity because of mass arrest of left wing activist by Japanese police, highlighting the asymmetric relationship between the colonizer and the colonized; the second period, the martial law period in Kuomintang Government-ruled Taiwan (1945-1987). At this stage, the Taiwanese left-wing experienced destruction and blankness. The Kuomintang Government implemented the martial law. The left wing of Taiwan was completely eliminated, and the ideological inheritance and actions of the left wing were lost, it resulting in the "left-wing fault " and the rise of “national consciousness" in Taiwan. It highlights the state's institutional dependence on legal violent rule; in the third period, overseas Baodiao movement promoted the opportunity for Taiwan's left-wing resurgence (1970); in the fourth period, why, not yet, Taiwan has a strong left-wing party? (1987-2016). From the interaction between Taiwanese leftist and the national system of the first three periods mentioned above, plus the economic structure of Taiwan in the fourth period and the current state of the social class, we can summarize into four aspects why Taiwan has not yet a strong leftist party, (1) institutional path dependence and power inequalities. Two repressions in history caused the "Taiwan Left Wing Fault"、lost of left-wing philosophy and action tradition; (2) The system affected actors' preferences. Causing democracy and national consciousness to prioritize class consciousness; (3) Economic development has priority. Focus on economic growth and ignore social distribution; (4) Stable social class. Taiwan’s income distribution creates stable middle class. While analyzing the above factors, this paper attempts to find out the conditions for the emergence of strong leftist parties in Taiwan. These conditions are just preliminary discussion. I hope that some materials from discussion will provide a little help to left-wing personnel in Taiwan who still seek for a development model.
    Advisory Committee
  • Dzeng, Yi-Ren - chair
  • Lin, Wen-Pin - co-chair
  • Liao, Da-Chi - advisor
  • Files
  • etd-0702118-104150.pdf
  • Indicate in-campus at 5 year and off-campus access at 5 year.
    Date of Submission 2018-08-03

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