||This paper mainly discusses the formation and the change of international regime in the global coffee industry. The study base on analyzing the six important organizations and the institutions (or rules) in the coffee industry (an international organization: ICO, two producer organizations: ECX and as FNC, a consumer association: SCAA and two certification organizations: FLO and UTZ). |
There are two major finding in the study. First, the study found that the formation of the international coffee regime is result from the actors in the system who are seeking for cooperation to pursue its own interests. However, the characteristics of international coffee regime may alther through times, the effect is intervene by the new actors (ECX, FNC, SCAA, FLO and UTZ) and their norms. There are three main periods according to different actor involved in the timeline to explain the reasons that the international coffee regime formed and how it changed. The characteristics of the coffee regime is initially as neo-realism, and turn to neo-liberalism.
Second, the main factor that constrain the coffee producers, is not only because of the international coffee regime, but also because of the commodity features of coffee itself.