||The focus of this paper is to explore the impact of system reform on the local factions in previous Kaohsiung County after the merger of Kaohsiung County and Kaohsiung City. The system reform includes cancelling elected township mayors and appointing district chiefs instead, abolishing county magistrate as well as representatives of townships, and reducing number of councilors. This paper is also aimed at analyzing the relationship between local factions and political parties in previous Kaohsiung County, which has long been ruled without rotation by the Democratic Progressive Party since its establishment in 1986.|
This paper first analyzes historical literature and clarifies the origin, development, and structure of local factions to understand the evolution and growth of factions. In addition, in response to the institutional changes caused by the merger and reorganization of counties and cities and the relationship between political parties and factions, qualitative and in-depth interviews were conducted with relevant parties to explore the political impact on local factions after the merger of counties and cities, and to analyze the relationship between factions and political parties, especially the DPP.
According to the literature analysis and interview results, after the merger of counties and cities, the local factions of previous Kaohsiung County were in the situation that the Red School disintegrated, the Black School merged to DPP, and the White School mingled around the two main parties according to its connections and resources. Local factions will not disappear. But with the lapse of personnel and changing political environment, it is worthwhile to quest whether local factions can maintain their current state of operation. In the future, local factions may continue to swim in the gaps and contradictions between the ruling and opposition parties, the blue and green parties, seeking their own way of survival in the operation of party politics.