||Years since the outbreak of the mainland in 2008, melamine incident, public concern and requirement about food safety are increasing. In fact, the industry, government and academia also initiated many research plans and policy measures for the issue. Currently, the government has begun construct food traceability system plaforms layer by layer, including Taiwan agriculture and food traceability system, Taiwan processed food traceability system and food distribution traceability system. However, since the implement costs are considerable and the benefits of food traceability are unknown, to enhance the willingness to implementation food traceability, it must be attractive enough to let the market value widely recognized and accepted. Accordingly, the key factors in promoting food traceability and assessment criteria of each factor would be the issues that the government and the food industry are eager to figure out. |
Based on literature and traceability current developments, this study sort out the hierarchy factors of implementation of food traceability system, including government policy side, third-party certification unit, traceability information system, production and management side, supply chain collaboration, consumers cognitive, then design the qualitative and quantitative questionnaires by Analytic Hierarchy Process. Interview with nine experts (3 industrial, 3 government unit and 3 academic) and conduct in-depth discussion to reach key factors in the weight and priority of promoting food traceability system in Taiwan.
In conclusion, our three major conclusions and recommendations, as follows:
1."Production and management side," "government policy side", "consumer awareness and acceptance" are driving foctors of the development of food traceability. "Supply chain collaboration", "traceability information system" and "third-party certification body" are complementary elements, which still needs proper planning and construction.
2. From the perspective of business, prior assessment of the food traceability will maximum effectiveness. It helpbusiness to improve the internal processes, risk management, in addition to protect consumer health and safety, enhance corporate reputation.
3. The Government should refer to the development of food traceability leading countries develop food safety regulations, orderly planning of food traceability systems. Also promote to food industry, and consumer.