||Conventional surveillance systems present video to a user from more than one camera on a single display. Such a display allows the user to observe different part of the scene, or to observe the same part of the scene from different viewpoints. Each video is usually labeled by a fixed textual annotation displayed under the video segment to identify the image. With the growing number of surveillance cameras set up and the expanse of surveillance area, the conventional split-screen display approach cannot provide intuitive correspondence between the images acquired and the areas under surveillance. Such a system has a number of inherent flaws：Lower relativity of split videos、The difficulty of tracking new activities、Low resolution of surveillance videos、The difficulty of total surveillance；In order to improve the above defects, the “Immersive Surveillance for Total Situational Awareness” use computer graphic technique to construct 3D model of buildings on the 2D satellite-images, the users can construct the floor platform by defining the information of each floor or building and the position of each camera. This information is combined to construct 3D surveillance scene, and the images acquired by surveillance cameras are pasted into the constructed 3D model to provide intuitively visual presentation. The users could also walk through the scene by a fixed-frequency , self-defined business model to perform a virtual surveillance.|
Multi-camera Human Tracking on Realtime 3D Immersive Surveillance System based on the “Immersive Surveillance for Total Situational Awareness,” 1. Salient object detection：The System converts videos to corresponding image sequences and analyze the videos provided by each camera. In order to filter out the foreground pixels, the background model of each image is calculated by pixel-stability-based background update algorithm. 2. Nighttime image fusion：Use the fuzzy enhancement method to enhance the dark area in nighttime image, and also maintain the saturation information. Then apply the Salient object detection Algorithm to extract salient objects of the dark area. The system divides fusion results into 3 parts: wall, ceiling, and floor, then pastes them as materials into corresponding parts of 3D scene. 3. Multi-camera human tracking：Apply connected component labeling to filter out small area and save each block’s infomation. Use RGB-weight percentage information in each block and 5-state status (Enter、Leave、Match、Occlusion、Fraction) to draw out the trajectory of each person in every camera’s field of view on the 3D surveillance scene. Finally, fuse every camera together to complete the multi-camera realtime people tracking. Above all, we can track every human in our 3D immersive surveillance system without watching out each of thousand of camera views.