||The Local Cultural Museum Project Ⅱ will end in 2015. It has been in action for 14 years now, originated from the idea of community development. It aims to facilitate local cultural centers not only improving the quality of their environment and services but also integrating local resources. Moreover, with the concept of "cultural living circle" in mind, it hopes to coordinate tangible and intangible cultural resources of an area and provide a service in which cultural resources can be equally shared.|
Established in 2009, Hengchun Folk Museum in Pingtung County serves as the core museum in the project “Second Category: Integration of Cultural Living Circles.” This research, based on policy network theory, explores the network relations developed from the museum, and illustrates the reliance, interaction, integration and goal consensus among the relevant policy stakeholders.
A case study method is selected as methodology. The major ways of collecting data are through document analysis, observation and interviews. In-depth interview with the local government, management teams, consulting teams, experts and scholars, organizations of promoting ballads and folksongs, schools, museum staff and local representatives in the network were interviewed. The research questions are as follows: Firstly, Who are policy stakeholders of Hengchun Folk Museum? What resources do they possess? Secondly, in the policy network, what are the frequency of interaction, level of reliance, consensus of policies, satisfaction of interaction, and distribution of power among the policy stakeholders? Thirdly, what are the conflicts and collaboration among the policy stakeholders involved in the policies of Hengchun Folk Museum, and what are the aspects that need to improve?
The conclusion are as follows. Firstly, the policy stakeholders of Hengchun Folk Museum rely on the resources of each another, and among the stakeholders, local organizations and schools which aim to promote Hengchun ballads and folksongs remain the most influential. Human resources, marketing and budgets are regarded by the members as insufficient. Secondly, the conflicts among the members of the network arise from the struggle between innovation and tradition, which results from different viewpoints of the preservation and promotion of ballads and folksongs. Moreover, because there was no consensus on the context and program of the project, the collaborative relations in hosting activities were broken. Furthermore, the teachers of the schools held different viewpoints and attitudes towards promoting the ballads and folksongs. The conflicts come from debates on official names and categories of the ballads and folksongs. Thirdly, the network members collaborate to host the Hengchun Folksongs Festival, manage local museums, and assist exhibitions and performances from the courses of folksongs and ballads. Fourthly, because the management team requires human resources and the local groups require platforms for performance, the inter-reliance is necessary. The local government also highly relies on the management team’s local connections and resources. In addition, as a funding source, the role of the Ministry of Culture is more dominant than the local power. Fifthly, the objective of the network members is achieved by holding exhibitions and the Hengchun Folksongs Festival. The reunion and presentation of the annual performance is done by groups of ballads and folksongs. Sixthly, the expectations of the members are: to overcome the problems of insufficient space for museums, to establish the Henchun Folk Foundation, to develop repertoire, and to build a town for folksongs.