|| The local infrastructure has a characteristic of public goods and it faces the tragedy of public commons and social dilemmas of collective action, such as market failure, government failure and failure of voluntary. The solution and countermeasure from the aspect of the system is cross-sectoral governance.|
The meaning of governance is to helm or to manage helm. Cross-sectoral governance means the cross-sectoral manager performs good leadership behavior such as accountability, probity, diaphaneity, participation, democracy, efficiency and so on. The cross-sectoral governance in the viewpoints of transaction costs means how to make the cross-sectoral manager save the transaction costs to enhance performance. By integration to save the transaction costs so that the coexistence of private property and public property to be successful handling the issue of public commons.
In the design of the research, it uses eighteen local infrastructures as the program, assuming six criteria of feasibility, necessity, easy to finance (low uncertainty), low risk (low asset specificity), reward and the willingness of manufacturer as performance indicator. Among two criteria of easy to finance and low risk are low transaction cost indicator. Then it asks advice from scholars and experts by Delphi method policy to seek consistency and then verifies the result by cluster analysis and hierarchical regression.
The result shows the outstanding programs of local infrastructures to promote BOT were hospitals, parking lots, columbarium, resort hotels, recreation area, labor residence and incinerators, etc. U-test shows high performance group and low performance group have significant differences in the relative efficiency of the two combinations. Hierarchical regression also shows the level of transaction cost has significant explanation to performance.
The results of this research are: On the basis of character of public goods, feasibility, reward, willingness of manufacturer and transaction costs, seven outstanding programs are classified as market-based BOT; government-based BOT, such as running water supply, sewer facilities, sports parks, harbor facilities, multipurpose stadiums, bridges and tunnels can be transacted by the type of OT or BT; BOT of public enterprises or licensing corporations, such as MRT system; market-based (NPOs organization) such as hospitals and orphanages operated by charities; government-based (NPOs organization) such as community activity centers, elderly education center and labor recreation centers.
If there is any doubt about the above classification, recommend of this research is in the planning stage, doing the questionnaire survey for the controversial program by cross-domain analysis of social judgment theory to seek for the consistency of result.