Title page for etd-0616115-205046


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URN etd-0616115-205046
Author Yao-Chang Chen
Author's Email Address yaochang.chen@gmail.com
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Department Marine Biotechnology and Resources
Year 2014
Semester 2
Degree Ph.D.
Type of Document
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title The inhibitory effects of marine-derived compound on smooth muscle cells proliferation
Date of Defense 2015-06-01
Page Count 162
Keyword
  • vascular smooth muscle cell
  • dihydroaustrasulfone alcohol
  • proliferation
  • migration
  • restenosis
  • phenotypic modulation
  • cell cycle
  • Abstract Arterial reconstruction procedures, including balloon angioplasty, stenting and coronary artery bypass, are used to restore blood flow in atherosclerotic arteries. Restenosis of these arteries is a major limitation of the application of these procedures. Post-angioplasty restenosis results from two major processes: neointimal formation and constrictive remodelling. Neointimal formation is initiated by arterial injury with a resultant loss of contractile phenotype in tunica media, leading to vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) migration and proliferation. Dihydroaustrasulfone alcohol is the synthetic precursor of austrasulfone, which is a marine natural product, isolated from the Taiwanese soft coral Cladiella australis. Dihydroaustrasulfone alcohol has anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, antitumor and anti-atherogenic properties. Although dihydroaustrasulfone alcohol has been shown to inhibit neointima formation, its effect on human VSMCs has not been elucidated. We examined the effects and the mechanisms of action of dihydroaustrasulfone alcohol on proliferation, migration and phenotypic modulation of human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMCs). Dihydroaustrasulfone alcohol significantly inhibited proliferation, DNA synthesis and migration of HASMCs, without inducing cell death. Dihydroaustrasulfone alcohol also inhibited platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-induced expression of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDK) 2, CDK4, cyclin D1 and cyclin E. In addition, dihydroaustrasulfone alcohol inhibited PDGF-induced phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), whereas it had no effect on the phosphorylation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/(Akt). Moreover, treatment with PD98059, a highly selective ERK inhibitor, blocked PDGF-induced upregulation of cyclin D1 and cyclin E and downregulation of p27kip1. Furthermore, dihydroaustrasulfone alcohol also inhibits VSMC synthetic phenotype formation induced by PDGF. For in vivo studies, dihydroaustrasulfone alcohol decreased smooth muscle cell proliferation in a rat model of restenosis induced by balloon injury. Immunohistochemical staining showed that dihydroaustrasulfone alcohol noticeably decreased the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and altered VSMC phenotype from a synthetic to contractile state. Our findings provide important insights into the mechanisms underlying the vasoprotective actions of dihydroaustrasulfone alcohol and suggest that it may be a useful therapeutic agent for the treatment of vascular occlusive disease.
    Advisory Committee
  • Ming-Hong Tai - chair
  • Chang-Yi Wu - co-chair
  • Hui-Min Wang - co-chair
  • Jwu-Lai Yeh - co-chair
  • Zhi-Hong Wen - advisor
  • Files
  • etd-0616115-205046.pdf
  • Indicate in-campus at 99 year and off-campus access at 99 year.
    Date of Submission 2015-07-16

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