||This study examines issues and obstacles associated with the management of coastal natural resources and coastal adaptation in two rural communities in the Philippines. It builds on recent literature on climate change adaptation and a long history of implementation of ICM in the Philippines. The former strategy has emerged recently and expanded rapidly throughout the country, however, lacking actual implementation of appropriate measures locally; whereas the latter one has been practiced in the country for decades and reached a certain level of success, is nonetheless, not perfect. To capture obstacles that prevent or delay these processes a barrier approach has been adopted. It has been hypothesized that the issues affecting management of coastal resources at community level are likely to be present in or related to process of coastal adaptation due to the interrelated nature of the two practices. Household survey and interviews were utilized as methods of primary data collection, obtaining a total of 159 survey forms and 27 interviews with community members from two study sites and their respective local government units. The questions and topics discussed concerned climate change issues, threats and management problems experienced by the communities. Through the participants’ responses, discussions and observations several barriers are hence identified with regard to community based resource management and coastal adaptation. There is a|
general concern of residents about the living natural resources and a high level of awareness about climate change. However, acting in an environment restricted by politicized and institutional constraints prevents some residents from carrying out beneficial tasks and ceases their motivation for maintaining environmentally friendly livelihoods and adopting new effort demanding practices. Three groups of barriers presented in the study highlight (1) governance and institution related barriers, (2) inadequate resources, and (3) attitudinal barriers touching the issue of externalized responses and habitualized behavior.
With climate change adaptation being high on national and international agenda, ICM can provide some lessons for integration of coastal adaptation strategy into local and community level, and these lessons should be based on realistic practice taking into consideration not only smooth examples but also problematic ones highlighting possible barriers. The study concludes with appraisal of importance and the role of the identified barriers for future practice and some suggestions for further research directions.